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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2023-01-25 and last amended on 2022-12-21. Previous Versions

Part VI — General Operating and Flight Rules (continued)

Subpart 4 — Private Operators (continued)

Division V — Flight Operations — Passengers (continued)

Safety Features Card
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a private operator shall, before passengers on board an aircraft are given the safety briefing referred to in subsection 604.85(1), provide each passenger at his or her seat with a safety features card that shows the aircraft type and that contains safety information only in respect of the aircraft, including

    • (a) in the case of an aircraft configured for 19 or fewer passenger seats,

      • (i) when and how to fasten, adjust and release safety belts and, if any, shoulder harnesses,

      • (ii) the passenger brace position

        • (A) for each type of seat and passenger restraint system, and

        • (B) for a passenger who is holding an infant, and

      • (iii) the location, operation and use of each emergency exit, including whether it is unusable in a ditching because of the aircraft configuration,

      • (iv) the location and operation of the passenger oxygen system, if any, including

        • (A) a description of the masks and their use,

        • (B) the actions to be performed by a passenger in order to

          • (I) obtain a mask,

          • (II) activate the flow of oxygen, and

          • (III) don and secure the mask, and

        • (C) the recommendation that a passenger don and secure the passenger’s own mask before assisting another passenger with his or her mask,

      • (v) the location of life preservers, how they are to be removed from their packaging, how they are to be donned by adults, by children aged two years or older and by infants, and when they are to be inflated,

      • (vi) when and where smoking is prohibited, and

      • (vii) the location, removal and use of flotation devices and, if any, life rafts; and

    • (b) in the case of an aircraft configured for more than 19 passenger seats,

      • (i) the information set out in subparagraphs (a)(i) to (vii),

      • (ii) when and where carry-on baggage is to be stowed,

      • (iii) the positioning of seats, securing of seat backs in the upright position and stowage of chair tables for take-off and landing,

      • (iv) the form, function, colour and location of the floor proximity emergency escape path markings, if any,

      • (v) the safest route for passengers to take in order to move away from the aircraft in the event of an emergency, and

      • (vi) the attitude of the aircraft while floating, as determined by the aircraft manufacturer.

  • (2) If a flight attendant is not required on board an aircraft, the safety features card referred to in subsection (1) shall also contain the information on the location of the emergency equipment required under sections 604.116, 604.117 and 604.119 and how to access that equipment.

[604.87 to 604.97 reserved]

Division VI — Flight Time and Flight Duty Period

[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]
Flight Time Limits
  •  (1) No private operator shall assign flight time to a flight crew member, and no flight crew member shall accept such an assignment, if the flight crew member’s total flight time in all flights conducted under this Subpart, Part IV or Part VII would, as a result, exceed

    • (a) 1,200 hours in a period of 12 consecutive months;

    • (b) 300 hours in a period of 90 consecutive days;

    • (c) 120 hours in a period of 30 consecutive days; or

    • (d) 8 hours in a period of 24 consecutive hours, if the assignment is for a single-pilot IFR flight.

  • (2) If a flight crew’s flight duty period is extended under section 604.101, each flight crew member accumulates, for the purposes of subsection (1), the total flight time for the flight or the total flight time for the series of flights, as the case may be.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
Flight Duty Period Limits and Rest Periods
[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]
  •  (1) Subject to sections 604.100 to 604.102, no private operator shall assign flight duty period to a flight crew member, and no flight crew member shall accept such an assignment, if the flight crew member’s flight duty period would, as a result, exceed

    • (a) 14 consecutive hours in a period of 24 consecutive hours; or

    • (b) 15 consecutive hours in a period of 24 consecutive hours, if

      • (i) the flight crew member’s total flight duty period in the previous 30 consecutive days does not exceed 70 hours, or

      • (ii) the rest period before the flight is at least 24 hours.

  • (2) A private operator shall ensure that, prior to reporting for flight duty, a flight crew member is provided with the minimum rest period and with any additional rest period required by this Division.

  • (3) A flight crew member shall use the following periods to be adequately rested prior to reporting for flight duty:

    • (a) the minimum rest period provided under subsection (2);

    • (b) any additional rest period required by this Division; and

    • (c) any period with no assigned duties provided under section 604.104.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
Split Flight Duty Period
[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]

 Flight duty period may be extended by one half of the length of the rest period, to a maximum of four hours, if

  • (a) before a flight crew member reports for the first flight or reports as a flight crew member on standby, as the case may be, the private operator provides the flight crew member with notice of the extension of the flight duty period;

  • (b) the private operator provides the flight crew member with a rest period of at least four consecutive hours in suitable accommodation; and

  • (c) the flight crew member’s next minimum rest period is increased by an amount of time at least equal to the length of the extension of the flight duty period.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, ss. 8(F), 18
Extension of Flight Duty Period
[
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
]

 If a flight crew is augmented by at least one flight crew member, if there is a balanced distribution of flight deck duty time and rest periods among the flight crew members, and if the next minimum rest period is at least equal to the length of the preceding flight duty period, the flight crew’s flight duty period may be extended

  • (a) to 17 hours with a maximum flight deck duty time of 12 hours, if a flight relief facility — seat is provided; and

  • (b) to 20 hours with a maximum flight deck duty time of 14 hours, if a flight relief facility — bunk is provided.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
Unforeseen Operational Circumstances
  •  (1) Flight duty period may be extended by up to three hours if

    • (a) the pilot-in-command, after consultation with the other flight crew members, considers it safe to do so;

    • (b) the flight duty period is extended as a result of an unforeseen operational circumstance that occurs after the beginning of the flight duty period;

    • (c) the next minimum rest period is extended by an amount of time that is at least equal to the length of the extension of the flight duty period; and

    • (d) the pilot-in-command notifies the private operator of the unforeseen operational circumstances and of the length of the extension of the flight duty period.

  • (2) The private operator shall retain a copy of the notification for five years.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, ss. 9, 18
Delayed Reporting Time

 When a private operator delays a flight crew member’s reporting time by more than three hours, the flight crew member’s flight duty period is considered to start three hours after the original reporting time if the private operator notifies the flight crew member of the delay

  • (a) within 12 hours before the original reporting time; and

  • (b) at least one hour before the flight crew member leaves a rest facility.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
Time with no Assigned Duties

 No private operator shall assign duties to a flight crew member, and no flight crew member shall accept those duties, unless the private operator provides the flight crew member with one of the following periods with no assigned duties:

  • (a) at least 36 consecutive hours in a period of seven consecutive days; or

  • (b) at least three consecutive calendar days in a period of 17 consecutive days.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
Rest Period — Flight Crew Member Positioning

 If a flight crew member is required by a private operator to travel for the purpose of positioning after the completion of flight duty period, the private operator shall provide the flight crew member with an additional rest period that is at least equal to one half of the time spent for that purpose that is in excess of the flight duty period referred to in paragraphs 604.99(1)(a) and (b).

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2018-269, s. 18
Controlled Rest on the Flight Deck
  •  (1) No private operator shall allow a flight crew member to take a controlled rest on the flight deck of an aircraft operated by the private operator unless

    • (a) the private operator has a controlled-rest-on-the-flight-deck program that includes the following elements:

      • (i) guidelines on the use of controlled rest, including the factors allowing or preventing its use,

      • (ii) the general principles relating to fatigue and fatigue countermeasures, and

      • (iii) the procedures to be followed by participating crew members before, during and after a controlled rest; and

    • (b) every participating crew member has received training relating to the elements of the controlled-rest-on-the-flight-deck program.

  • (2) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft operated by a private operator shall determine whether the flight conditions, the duration of the flight and the physiological condition of the crew members allow a controlled rest on the flight deck to be taken by a flight crew member.

  • (3) The pilot-in-command of an aircraft operated by a private operator shall give participating crew members a briefing that includes the following elements:

    • (a) the order in which the periods of controlled rest are to be taken by the flight crew members;

    • (b) the planned duration of each period of controlled rest;

    • (c) the circumstances under which a resting flight crew member is to be woken;

    • (d) the procedures for the transfer of flight controls and duties; and

    • (e) flight attendant duties in relation to a controlled rest.

  • (4) The flight crew members on board an aircraft operated by a private operator shall

    • (a) prior to each controlled rest on the flight deck,

      • (i) participate in an operational briefing,

      • (ii) carry out the transfer of duties, and

      • (iii) inform the flight attendants of the controlled rest; and

    • (b) remain on the flight deck during the controlled rest.

  • (5) The flight crew member who supervises a controlled rest on the flight deck of an aircraft operated by a private operator shall, during the controlled rest,

    • (a) perform the duties of the resting flight crew member;

    • (b) ensure that the controlled rest is taken only during the cruise portion of the flight and is completed at least 30 minutes before top of descent;

    • (c) ensure that the period of controlled rest is of no more than 45 minutes in duration;

    • (d) ensure that the resting flight crew member is awake for at least 15 minutes before the resumption of duties, except in abnormal or emergency conditions; and

    • (e) after the completion of the controlled rest, give an operational briefing to the flight crew member who has taken the controlled rest.

  • (6) For the purposes of this section, participating crew member means the resting flight crew member and the flight crew member who supervises the controlled rest on the flight deck.

[604.107 to 604.115 reserved]

Division VII — Emergency Equipment

Survival Equipment
  •  (1) No person shall operate an aircraft operated by a private operator, other than an aircraft referred to in subsection 602.61(2), unless a survival manual is carried on board that contains information about how to use the survival equipment that is carried on board to meet the requirements of subsection 602.61(1).

  • (2) No person shall operate an aircraft operated by a private operator on board of which life rafts are required to be carried in accordance with section 602.63 unless the survival kit referred to in paragraph 602.63(6)(c) contains

    • (a) a life raft repair kit;

    • (b) a bailing bucket and a sponge;

    • (c) a whistle;

    • (d) a waterproof flashlight;

    • (e) a supply of potable water — based on 500 mL per person and calculated using the rated capacity of the life raft — or a means of desalting or distilling salt water that can provide 500 mL of potable water per person;

    • (f) a waterproof survival manual that contains information about how to use the survival equipment;

    • (g) a first aid kit that contains antiseptic swabs, burn dressing compresses, bandages and motion sickness pills; and

    • (h) a pyrotechnic signalling device, or an aviation visual distress signal that has a marking applied by the manufacturer indicating that the signal meets the requirements of CAN-TSO-C168, a signalling mirror and a dye marker for visually signalling distress.

  • (3) Despite subsection (2), if there is insufficient space in the attached survival kit, a supplemental survival kit shall be stowed adjacent to each required life raft and contain

    • (a) a supply of potable water — based on 500 mL per person and calculated using the rated capacity of the life raft — or a means of desalting or distilling salt water that can provide 500 mL of potable water per person; and

    • (b) motion sickness pills.

First Aid Kits
  •  (1) No person shall conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator that is configured as follows unless, for the purposes of paragraph 602.60(1)(h), the corresponding number of first aid kits is carried on board and each kit contains the supplies and equipment set out in the Aviation Occupational Health and Safety Regulations:

    • (a) configured for 0 to 50 passenger seats, one kit;

    • (b) configured for 51 to 150 passenger seats, two kits;

    • (c) configured for 151 to 250 passenger seats, three kits; and

    • (d) configured for 251 or more passenger seats, four kits.

  • (2) No person shall conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator unless

    • (a) the first aid kits referred to in subsection (1) are distributed throughout the cabin and are readily available to crew members and passengers;

    • (b) each first aid kit is clearly identified; and

    • (c) if a first aid kit is stowed in a bin or compartment, the bin or compartment is clearly marked as containing a first aid kit.

 
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