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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2022-09-11 and last amended on 2022-03-06. Previous Versions

Part IV — Personnel Licensing and Training (continued)

Subpart 6 — Flight Training Units (continued)

Division IV — Aircraft (continued)

[406.48 and 406.49 reserved]

Division V — Flight Training Operations

Operational Control System

 No flight training unit that conducts flight training in accordance with a flight training operations manual that has been approved by the Minister shall operate an aircraft unless the flight training unit has an operational control system that meets the personnel licensing standards and is under the control of its chief flight instructor.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 23
Aircraft Operations Requirements
  •  (1) A flight training unit that operates an aeroplane to conduct training for a private pilot licence, a commercial pilot licence or a flight instructor rating shall have access to at least one aeroplane that is certified under Part V for the spin manoeuvre.

  • (2) A flight training unit that operates a helicopter to conduct training for a pilot permit — recreational, a private pilot licence, a commercial pilot licence or a flight instructor rating shall have access to at least one helicopter that is configured for and capable of full-on autorotational landings.

Facilities at Base of Operations

 A flight training unit shall have facilities at a base of operations that meet the personnel licensing standards.

Dispatch of Aircraft

 No flight training unit that operates an aeroplane or a helicopter shall permit a person to conduct a take-off in an aircraft that is subject to the operational control of the flight training unit unless the aircraft has been maintained in accordance with a maintenance control system.

Aircraft Operating over Water

 No flight training unit shall permit a person to operate a land aircraft over water, except when conducting a take-off or landing, beyond a point where the land aircraft could reach shore in the event of an engine failure.

Solo Cross-country Routes

 No flight training unit that operates an aeroplane or a helicopter shall permit a person to conduct the solo cross-country flight required by Subpart 1 for the private pilot licence — aeroplane or the private pilot licence — helicopter unless the flight training unit notifies the Minister in writing of the planned route of the flight originating from the main base or any satellite base.

Daily Flight Record

 A flight training unit that operates an aeroplane, a helicopter or a glider shall, for the purpose of maintaining operational control, establish, maintain and retain for at least two years after an entry is made a daily flight record that meets the personnel licensing standards.

Journey Log Entries

 A flight training unit that operates an aeroplane, a helicopter or a glider shall designate a person to make journey log entries in accordance with section 605.94.

Flight Training at a Satellite Base
  •  (1) A flight training unit that conducts flight training at a satellite base shall

    • (a) assign a flight instructor, other than a Class 4 flight instructor, to be responsible for flight training operations at the satellite base; and

    • (b) ensure that a qualified flight instructor is on duty at that satellite base while a solo training flight is in progress.

  • (2) A Class 4 flight instructor shall not conduct flight training at a satellite base unless a qualified Class 1 or Class 2 flight instructor is on duty.

[406.59 and 406.60 reserved]

Division VI — Manuals and Course Certificates

Flight Training Operations Manual
  •  (1) Every flight training unit that conducts an integrated course or operates a sub-base shall establish and maintain a flight training operations manual that includes the instructions and information necessary to enable the personnel concerned to perform their duties safely and that meets the personnel licensing standards.

  • (2) The flight training operations manual may be issued in separate parts corresponding to specific aspects of operations.

  • (3) Whenever the flight training operations manual no longer meets the personnel licensing standards, the flight training unit shall amend it to bring it into compliance with the standards.

  • (4) A flight training unit shall submit to the Minister its flight training operations manual and, if they relate to the information required by the personnel licensing standards, any separately issued parts and any subsequent amendments to them or to the manual.

  • (5) If the personnel licensing standards are met, the Minister shall approve the parts of a flight training operations manual that relate to the information required by the personnel licensing standards and any subsequent amendments to the parts.

  • (6) A flight training unit shall distribute its flight training operations manual, any separately issued parts and any subsequent amendments to the manual or parts in accordance with the personnel licensing standards.

  • (7) The chief flight instructor shall maintain a master list of the holders of the flight training operations manual and ensure that the manual is distributed in accordance with the list.

  • (8) The following operational personnel shall hold copies of the flight training operations manual and shall be responsible for its amendment:

    • (a) the chief flight instructor;

    • (b) the assistant chief flight instructor;

    • (c) the check instructor; and

    • (d) the person responsible for the maintenance control system or the approved maintenance organization.

  • (9) The chief flight instructor shall make manuals available to all other operational personnel who are involved in operational control, including flight instructors, students and, if applicable, flight dispatchers.

  • (10) Every person who has been provided with a copy of the appropriate parts of a flight training operations manual pursuant to subsections (7) and (8) shall keep it up to date by inserting in it the amendments provided and shall ensure that the appropriate parts are accessible when the person is performing assigned duties.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24
Training Manual
  •  (1) Every flight training unit that conducts an integrated course shall establish and maintain a training manual that meets the personnel licensing standards.

  • (2) The training manual may be issued in separate parts corresponding to specific aspects of the integrated course.

  • (3) Whenever the training manual no longer meets the personnel licensing standards, the flight training unit shall amend it to bring it into compliance with the standards.

  • (4) A flight training unit shall submit to the Minister its training manual and, if they relate to the information required by the personnel licensing standards, any separately issued parts and any subsequent amendments to them or to the manual.

  • (5) If the personnel licensing standards are met, the Minister shall approve the parts of a training manual that relate to the information required by the personnel licensing standards and any subsequent amendments to the parts.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24
Certificate of Enrolment
  •  (1) A flight training unit that conducts an integrated course shall provide to each trainee, at the start of the course, a certificate of enrolment that meets the personnel licensing standards.

  • (2) A flight training unit that conducts an integrated course shall maintain a current list of the trainees enrolled in each integrated course conducted by the flight training unit.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24
Course Completion Certificate

 A flight training unit that conducts an integrated course shall provide to each trainee, on successful completion of the course, a course completion certificate that meets the personnel licensing standards.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24
  • SOR/2015-160, s. 21(F)

[406.65 to 406.70 reserved]

Division VII — Training

Operational Personnel Training Program
  •  (1) For the purposes of this section, competency check means a certification by the chief flight instructor or an instructor delegated by the chief flight instructor that a flight instructor conducting training under an integrated course has demonstrated in flight an ability to perform both normal and emergency manoeuvres appropriate to the most complex single-engined aeroplane to be used for the flight instruction.

  • (2) A flight training unit that conducts flight training in accordance with a flight training operations manual that has been approved by the Minister shall establish and maintain a ground and flight training program for operational personnel as follows:

    • (a) indoctrination training is required upon employment for all persons assigned to an operational control function, including chief flight instructors, assistant chief flight instructors, flight instructors and persons responsible for flight following;

    • (b) the training referred to in paragraph (a) shall ensure that persons involved in the control of flight operations are aware of their responsibilities, know reporting relationships and are competent to fulfil their assigned duties related to flight training operations;

    • (c) the training referred to in paragraph (a) shall include a review of the flight training operations manual and the training manual, as applicable;

    • (d) each flight instructor who conducts training in accordance with an integrated course shall, before receiving authorization to conduct the training, successfully complete, under the supervision of the chief flight instructor, assistant chief flight instructor or check instructor,

      • (i) the indoctrination training referred in paragraph (a),

      • (ii) a review of, and a briefing on, the contents of the flight training operations manual and the training manual, and

      • (iii) an initial competency check in each type of aircraft in which the flight instructor conducts training in accordance with the integrated course; and

    • (e) each flight instructor who conducts training in accordance with an integrated course shall, every 12 months after the month in which the initial competency check was completed, successfully complete

      • (i) a recurrent competency check in one of the aircraft in which the flight instructor conducts training in accordance with the integrated course,

      • (ii) an in-flight monitoring of a training flight conducted by the flight instructor,

      • (iii) a flight test toward the issuance of a flight instructor rating, multi-engine class rating or instrument rating, or

      • (iv) a competency check in accordance with Part VI or a pilot proficiency check in accordance with Part VII, as applicable.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24
  • SOR/2014-131, s. 11
  • SOR/2015-160, s. 22

[406.72 to 406.74 reserved]

Division VIII — Integrated Course

Requirements

 An integrated course shall be conducted under the supervision of the chief flight instructor of a flight training unit that holds a flight training unit operator certificate and shall be arranged by that flight training unit in accordance with the personnel licensing standards.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24
  • SOR/2015-160, s. 23
Prerequisite

 The flight training unit shall ensure that an applicant, before being admitted to an integrated course, has a secondary school diploma or equivalent in accordance with the personnel licensing standards.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24
Transfer

 Any trainee wishing to transfer to another flight training unit during an integrated course shall apply to the other flight training unit for a formal assessment of the further hours of training required at that flight training unit. The assessment shall be recorded in the applicant’s training record.

  • SOR/2006-352, s. 24

[406.78 and 406.79 reserved]

Subpart 7 — [Reserved]

Subpart 8 — Conduct of Flight Tests

Interpretation

  •  (1) Any reference in this Subpart to the flight testing standards is a reference to Standard 428 — Personnel Licensing and Training Standards respecting the Conduct of Flight Tests.

  • (2) The following definitions apply in this Subpart.

    air flight test item

    air flight test item means a flight test item performed using an aeroplane, helicopter or synthetic flight training equipment, including the pre-flight inspection, start-up, run-up, taxiing and emergency procedures. (exercice en vol)

    examiner

    examiner means a person designated by the Minister to conduct flight tests for the issuance or renewal of flight crew permits, licences or ratings for an aeroplane or helicopter. (examinateur)

    ground flight test item

    ground flight test item means a flight test item performed prior to the pre-flight inspection of the aeroplane or helicopter. (exercice au sol)

  • SOR/2011-284, s. 16

Application

 This Subpart applies in respect of the conduct, using an aeroplane, helicopter or synthetic flight training equipment, of flight tests required for the issuance or renewal of a flight crew permit, licence or rating.

  • SOR/2011-284, s. 16

[408.03 to 408.10 reserved]

Record of Flight Test

 The Minister shall maintain a record of each flight test in accordance with this Subpart and the flight testing standards. The record shall contain the following information:

  • (a) an assessment of the results of each flight test item;

  • (b) the overall results; and

  • (c) whether the candidate passed or failed the flight test.

  • SOR/2011-284, s. 16

Prerequisite for Flight Test

 Before conducting a flight test or partial re-test, the examiner shall ensure that they have received the documentation specified in section 1 of Schedules 1 to 18 to the flight testing standards, dated, if applicable, as specified in that section.

  • SOR/2011-284, s. 16

Aircraft and Equipment Required for a Flight Test

 The examiner shall ensure that the candidate who takes a flight test provides the aircraft and equipment described in section 2 of Schedules 1 to 18 to the flight testing standards.

  • SOR/2011-284, s. 16

Flight Test

  •  (1) In the case of a flight test conducted in accordance with Schedules 1 to 8 to the flight testing standards, a candidate successfully completes the flight test if

    • (a) the candidate completes all of the items set out in section 5 of those schedules; and

    • (b) the candidate receives at least the passing grade for the permit, licence or rating specified in the following table and does not fail any flight test item for any of the reasons set out in subsection 408.18(1).

    Table

    Permit, Licence or RatingPassing Grade
    Rating for Passenger-Carrying Ultra-Light Aeroplane50%
    Permit for Recreational Pilot — Aeroplane50%
    Licence for Private Pilot — Aeroplane50%
    Licence for Commercial Pilot — Aeroplane70%
    Licence for Private Pilot — Helicopter50%
    Licence for Commercial Pilot — Helicopter70%
    Multi-Engine Class Rating — Aeroplane70%
    Instrument Rating60%
  • (2) In the case of a flight test conducted in accordance with Schedules 9 to 18 to the flight testing standards, a candidate successfully completes the flight test if

    • (a) the candidate completes all of the items set out in section 5 of those schedules; and

    • (b) the candidate successfully completes each item of the flight test and does not fail the test for any of the reasons set out in section 408.19.

  • SOR/2011-284, s. 16

Conduct of a Flight Test

  •  (1) The examiner shall conduct a flight test in accordance with section 3 of Schedules 1 to 18 to the flight testing standards.

  • (2) The examiner shall evaluate the performance of a candidate in accordance with section 4 of Schedules 1 to 18 to the flight testing standards by verifying, during the flight test, the candidate’s knowledge and skills when performing the items set out in section 4 of those schedules, taking into account the general tolerances specified in that section. The examiner shall record the results on the form entitled Flight Test Report in the manner specified by the Minister.

  • (3) In the case of a flight test conducted in accordance with Schedules 1 to 8 to the flight testing standards, the examiner shall not take part in the pilotage of the aeroplane or helicopter during the flight test except in the cases set out in paragraph 3(b) of those schedules.

  • SOR/2011-284, s. 16
 
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