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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2022-06-20 and last amended on 2022-03-06. Previous Versions

Part VII — Commercial Air Services (continued)

Subpart 5 — Airline Operations (continued)

Division VII — Personnel Requirements (continued)

Crew Pairing

 No air operator shall assign a pilot-in-command and a second-in-command to an aircraft unless their combined experience on that type of aircraft meets the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Flight Attendant Qualifications
  •  (1) No air operator shall permit a person to act and no person shall act as a flight attendant on board an aircraft unless the person

    • (a) has successfully completed the air operator’s training program, except that a person may act as a flight attendant while undergoing line indoctrination training if the person is carried in addition to the number of flight attendants required under section 705.201 and is under the supervision of a flight attendant;

    • (b) has successfully completed line indoctrination training within 90 days after completing the air operator’s training program or has regained competency in accordance with the Flight Attendant Training Standard; and

    • (c) holds a certificate or certification in first aid in accordance with the Aviation Occupational Health and Safety Regulations.

  • (2) A person who has not completed line indoctrination training within the period specified in paragraph (1)(b) shall requalify in accordance with the Flight Attendant Training Standard.

Flight Dispatcher Qualifications
  •  (1) No air operator shall permit a person to act and no person shall act as a flight dispatcher unless the person has fulfilled the requirements of the air operator’s training program and, after June 1, 1998, holds a flight dispatcher certificate.

  • (2) An air operator shall notify the Minister whenever a flight dispatcher certificate is issued or becomes invalid.

Route and Aerodrome Qualifications

 No air operator shall permit a person to act and no person shall act as the pilot-in-command of an aircraft on a flight along a route or into an aerodrome unless

  • (a) within the previous 12 months, the person has acted as a flight crew member or has been on the flight deck as an observer on a flight along that route and into that aerodrome; or

  • (b) the person has received training and demonstrated adequate knowledge, in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Check Authority
  •  (1) A pilot proficiency check shall be conducted by the Minister.

  • (2) Any other check required under this Subpart may be conducted by the Minister.

Validity Period
  •  (1) Subject to subsections (4) and (5), the validity period of a line check and of the training referred to in section 705.124 expires on the first day of the thirteenth month following the month in which the check or training was completed.

  • (2) Subject to subsections (4) and (5), the validity period of a pilot proficiency check expires

    • (a) on the first day of the seventh month following the month in which the check was completed;

    • (b) on the first day of the thirteenth month following the month in which the check was completed, where the pilot successfully completes the six-month recurrency training that has been approved by the Minister, in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards, as a substitute for the pilot proficiency check and that is identified in the company operations manual; or

    • (c) at the end of the validation period, where the air operator has an operations specification authorizing an advanced qualification program in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards and the pilot completes a proficiency evaluation within the evaluation period authorized for the air operator in the operations specification.

  • (3) The validity period of a flight dispatcher competency check expires on the first day of the thirteenth month following the month in which the check was completed.

  • (4) Where a pilot proficiency check, a flight dispatcher competency check, a line check or training is renewed within the last 90 days of its validity period, its validity period is extended by six or 12 months, as appropriate.

  • (5) The Minister may extend the validity period of a pilot proficiency check, a flight dispatcher competency check, a line check or any training by up to 60 days where the Minister is of the opinion that aviation safety is not likely to be affected.

  • (6) Subject to subsection (7), where the validity period of a pilot proficiency check, a line check, or annual or semi-annual training has been expired for 24 months or more, the person shall requalify by meeting the training requirements specified in the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (7) Where the validity period of a flight dispatcher competency check or annual training has been expired for 12 months or more, the person shall requalify by meeting the training requirements specified in the Commercial Air Service Standards.

[705.114 to 705.123 reserved]

Division VIII — Training

Training Program
  •  (1) Every air operator shall establish and maintain a training program that is

    • (a) designed to ensure that each person who receives training acquires the competence to perform the person’s assigned duties; and

    • (b) approved by the Minister in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards and, in respect of flight attendants, in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards and the Flight Attendant Training Standard.

  • (2) An air operator’s training program shall include

    • (a) for flight crew members:

      • (i) company indoctrination training,

      • (ii) line indoctrination training,

      • (iii) upgrading training, where applicable, and

      • (iv) initial and annual training, including

        • (A) aircraft type training,

        • (B) aircraft servicing and ground handling training,

        • (C) emergency procedures training, and

        • (D) aircraft surface contamination training;

    • (b) for flight attendants:

      • (i) aviation indoctrination,

      • (ii) line indoctrination training,

      • (iii) in-charge training, where applicable, and

      • (iv) initial and annual training, including

        • (A) safety procedures training,

        • (B) aircraft type training,

        • (C) emergency procedures training, and

        • (D) aircraft surface contamination training;

        • (E) [Repealed, SOR/2020-253, s. 21]

    • (c) for flight dispatchers:

      • (i) initial and annual aircraft type training,

      • (ii) on-the-job training, and

      • (iii) aircraft cockpit familiarization training;

    • (d) initial and annual aircraft surface contamination training for those operations personnel designated in the Commercial Air Service Standards; and

    • (e) any other training required to ensure a safe operation under this Subpart.

  • (3) An air operator shall

    • (a) include a detailed syllabus of its training program in its company operations manual;

    • (b) ensure that adequate facilities and qualified personnel are provided for its training program, in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards; and

    • (c) establish and maintain a safety awareness program concerning the adverse effects of aircraft surface contamination and provide the program to all flight operations personnel who are not required to undergo the training described in paragraph (2)(d).

  • (4) An air operator shall have a fatigue management training program for its flight crew members that contains

    • (a) personal fatigue management strategies relating to

      • (i) sleep hygiene,

      • (ii) lifestyle, exercise and diet, and

      • (iii) the consumption of alcohol and drugs;

    • (b) the impact of fatigue on aviation safety;

    • (c) sleep requirements and the science relating to fatigue;

    • (d) the causes and consequences of fatigue;

    • (e) how to recognize fatigue in themselves and in others;

    • (f) sleep disorders, their impact on aviation safety and treatment options; and

    • (g) human and organizational factors that may cause fatigue, including

      • (i) sleep quality and duration,

      • (ii) the impact of shift work and overtime,

      • (iii) the circadian rhythm, and

      • (iv) the effects of changes of time zones.

Conditional Approval of Training Program
  •  (1) The Minister may give conditional approval to a training program where an air operator submits to the Minister a copy of a syllabus of its training program that provides enough information for a preliminary evaluation of the training program in light of the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) An air operator may conduct training under a training program that has received conditional approval until the Minister has evaluated the effectiveness of the training program and has informed the air operator of any deficiencies that must be corrected.

  • (3) The Minister shall give final approval to a conditionally approved training program when the air operator demonstrates that the training conducted under that program is adequate to permit the persons who receive it to safely perform their assigned duties and when any identified deficiencies have been corrected.

Cabin Emergency Evacuation Trainer

 An air operator may conduct emergency training and testing on a cabin emergency evacuation trainer, rather than on an aircraft, if the trainer has been approved by the Minister in accordance with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Training and Qualification Records
  •  (1) Every air operator shall, for each person who is required to receive training under this Subpart, establish and maintain a record of

    • (a) the person’s name and, where applicable, personnel licence number, type and ratings;

    • (b) if applicable, the person’s medical category and the expiry date of that category;

    • (c) the dates on which the person, while in the air operator’s employ, successfully completed any training, pilot proficiency check or examination required under this Subpart or obtained any qualification required under this Subpart;

    • (d) information relating to any failure of the person, while in the air operator’s employ, to successfully complete any training, pilot proficiency check or examination required under this Subpart or to obtain any qualification required under this Subpart; and

    • (e) the type of aircraft or flight training equipment used for any training, pilot proficiency check, line check or qualification required under this Subpart.

  • (2) An air operator shall retain the records referred to in paragraphs (1)(c) and (d) and a record of each pilot proficiency check for at least three years.

  • (3) An air operator shall keep a master copy of each examination on file and make it available for review by the Minister for a period of not less than three years.

  • SOR/2009-152, s. 23
Amendments to Training Program
  •  (1) If the Minister determines that an air operator’s training program required under 705.124 does not include the competencies required for each person who receives training to perform their assigned duties, the Minister shall notify the air operator of

    • (a) the corrective actions that the air operator is required to implement to its training program; and

    • (b) the date by which the air operator is required to submit its amended training program to the Minister for approval under paragraph 705.124(1)(b).

  • (2) The air operator referred to in subsection (1) shall submit its amended training program to the Minister on or before the date specified by the Minister under paragraph (1)(b).

[705.129 to 705.133 reserved]

Division IX — Manuals

Requirements relating to Company Operations Manual
  •  (1) Every air operator shall establish and maintain a company operations manual that meets the requirements of section 705.135.

  • (2) An air operator shall submit its company operations manual, and any amendments to that manual, to the Minister.

  • (3) Where there is a change in any aspect of an air operator’s operation or where the company operations manual no longer meets the Commercial Air Service Standards, the air operator shall amend its company operations manual.

  • (4) The Minister shall, where the Commercial Air Service Standards are met, approve those parts of a company operations manual, and any amendments to those parts, that relate to the information required by section 705.135.

Contents of Company Operations Manual
  •  (1) A company operations manual, which may be issued in separate parts corresponding to specific aspects of an operation, shall include the instructions and information necessary to enable the personnel concerned to perform their duties safely and shall contain the information required by the Commercial Air Service Standards.

  • (2) A company operations manual shall be such that

    • (a) all parts of the manual are consistent and compatible in form and content;

    • (b) the manual can be readily amended;

    • (c) the manual contains an amendment control page and a list of the pages that are in effect; and

    • (d) the manual has the date of the last amendment to each page specified on that page.

Distribution of Company Operations Manual
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), an air operator shall provide a copy of the appropriate parts of its company operations manual, including any amendments to those parts, to each of its crew members and to its ground operations and maintenance personnel.

  • (2) An air operator may place a copy of the appropriate parts of its company operations manual in each aircraft that it operates, instead of providing a copy to each crew member, if all amendments to the manual are included in the system for the dissemination of general operational information referred to in section 705.18.

  • (3) Every person who has been provided with a copy of the appropriate parts of a company operations manual pursuant to subsection (1) shall keep it up to date with the amendments provided and shall ensure that the appropriate parts are accessible when the person is performing assigned duties.

Aircraft Operating Manual
  •  (1) An air operator may establish and maintain an aircraft operating manual for the use and guidance of crew members in the operation of its aircraft.

  • (2) An aircraft operating manual shall contain

    • (a) the aircraft operating procedures; and

    • (b) where the aircraft flight manual is not carried on board the aircraft, the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual, which shall be clearly identified as aircraft flight manual requirements.

  • (3) An air operator that has established an aircraft operating manual shall submit a copy of the manual, and any amendments to that manual, to the Minister for approval.

  • (4) The Minister shall approve an aircraft operating manual, and any amendments to that manual, where the Commercial Air Service Standards are met.

  • (5) An air operator that has established an aircraft operating manual shall ensure that a copy of the manual is carried on board each aircraft to which it relates.

 
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