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Cribs, Cradles and Bassinets Regulations (SOR/2016-152)

Regulations are current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2016-12-29. Previous Versions

Specifications (continued)

Requirements for Cribs, Cradles, Bassinets, Accessories and Stands (continued)

Marginal note:Small parts

 Every part of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand that is small enough to be totally enclosed in a small parts cylinder illustrated in Schedule 6 must be affixed to the product so that the part does not become detached when it is subjected to a force of 90 N applied in any direction.

Marginal note:Openings

 Every slot, notch, groove or other opening in a wooden, plastic or metal part of a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand — or in a part of one made of a similar hard material — that is located above the mattress support when the mattress support is in any position and that is accessible to the child must meet one of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be of such a size and shape that, if it admits a probe that is 5.33 mm in diameter, it will also admit a probe that is 9.53 mm in diameter; or

  • (b) it must have a depth that is not greater than the minor span dimension across the opening, if that minor span dimension is greater than or equal to 5.33 mm and less than 9.53 mm.

Marginal note:Restraint systems

 A crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory must not have a child restraint system.

Marginal note:Cords and straps — length — general

  •  (1) A cord, strap or other similar item that is attached by only one of its ends to a crib, cradle, bassinet, sleep accessory or stand must not measure more than 188 mm in length when it is stretched by the gradual application of a force of 22 N.

  • Marginal note:Cords and straps — length — change table accessory

    (2) In the case of a cord, strap or other similar item that is attached by only one of its ends to a change table accessory that is placed on or fixed to a crib, the portion of the cord, strap or item that extends into the crib’s occupant retention area must not measure more than 188 mm in length when it is stretched by the gradual application of a force of 22 N.

Marginal note:Cords and straps — loops — general

  •  (1) When tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 7, a cord, strap or other similar item that is attached to a crib, cradle, bassinet, sleep accessory or stand must not be capable of forming either of the following loops:

    • (a) a loop inside the occupant retention area that permits the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to that Schedule; or

    • (b) a loop outside the occupant retention area that permits the passage of that probe and that, when the loop is pulled into the occupant retention area, remains there.

  • Marginal note:Cords and straps — loops — change table accessories

    (2) When tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 7, a cord, strap or other similar item that is designed to restrain a child in a change table accessory that is placed on or fixed to a crib must not be capable of forming a loop that can be pulled into the occupant retention area of the crib and that permits the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to that Schedule.

Marginal note:Coil springs

 Every coil spring of a crib, cradle, bassinet or accessory that is located above the mattress support when the mattress support is in any position and is accessible to the child must be covered or manufactured so as to prevent injury to the child.

Marginal note:Mattress

 A mattress that is supplied with a crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory must meet all of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be not more than

    • (i) 150 mm thick, in the case of a crib mattress, and

    • (ii) 38 mm thick, in the case of a cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory mattress;

  • (b) it must be of such a size that, when it is pushed firmly against any side of the crib, cradle, bassinet or sleep accessory, it does not leave a gap of more than 30 mm between the mattress and any part of any other side; and

  • (c) it must be stitched using lock-stitching.

Additional Requirements for Cribs

Marginal note:Structural integrity

 A crib must not exhibit any damage, its latching or locking mechanisms must not disengage or become permanently deformed and its fasteners must not loosen, when the crib is tested in accordance with sections 1 to 3 of Schedule 8.

Marginal note:Mattress support

 The mattress support of a crib must not dislodge, its mechanisms must not disengage or become permanently deformed and its fasteners must not loosen, when the mattress support is tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 9.

Marginal note:Height of sides — mattress support in lowest position

 Every side of a crib must meet the following requirements when the mattress support is in its lowest position:

  • (a) its lower surface must be lower than the upper surface of the mattress support;

  • (b) its upper surface must be at least 660 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support; and

  • (c) in the case of an access side, the upper surface of its stationary part must be at least 510 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support.

Marginal note:Height of sides — mattress support in highest position

 Every side of a crib must meet the following requirements when the mattress support is in its highest position:

  • (a) in the case of a stationary side, its upper surface must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support; and

  • (b) in the case of an access side, the upper surface of its stationary part must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms of access sides

 The movable part of an access side of a crib must be held in each of its adjustment positions by means of a mechanism that latches or locks automatically and that requires two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms of folding cribs

 A folding crib must have a latching or locking mechanism that meets all of the following requirements:

  • (a) it latches or locks automatically;

  • (b) it requires two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it; and

  • (c) it prevents the crib from folding up or collapsing when tested in accordance with sections 1 to 3 of Schedule 8.

Marginal note:Slat strength

 A crib slat must not completely break or completely separate at either end from the top and bottom horizontal rails of the crib side when the slat is tested in accordance with Schedule 10.

Marginal note:Toeholds

  •  (1) A crib must not have any horizontal slat, rail, projection or ledge that is capable of being used as a toehold by the child and that is located at any point that is more than 76 mm and less than 510 mm above the mattress support, when the mattress support is in its lowest position and, if the crib has an access side, when the movable part is in any adjustment position.

  • Marginal note:Presumption

    (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), a slat, rail, projection or ledge is deemed to be capable of being used as a toehold if it has a depth of 10 mm or more.

Additional Requirements for Cradles and Stands

Marginal note:Stability

  •  (1) A cradle must not tip over when tested in accordance with Schedule 11.

  • Marginal note:Cradle on stand

    (2) A cradle when used with a stand must not tip over when tested in accordance with Schedule 11.

Marginal note:Structural integrity

 A cradle must not exhibit any damage, its latching or locking mechanisms must not disengage or become permanently deformed and its fasteners must not loosen, when the cradle is tested in accordance with section 4 of Schedule 8.

Marginal note:Mattress support

 The mattress support of a cradle must not dislodge, its mechanisms must not disengage or become permanently deformed and its fasteners must not loosen, when the mattress support is tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 9.

Marginal note:Height of sides

 Every side of a cradle must meet the following requirements when the mattress support is in any position:

  • (a) its lower surface must be lower than the upper surface of the mattress support;

  • (b) in the case of a stationary side, its upper surface must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support; and

  • (c) in the case of an access side, the upper surface of its stationary part must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms of access sides

 The movable part of an access side of a cradle must be held in each of its adjustment positions by means of a mechanism that latches or locks automatically and that requires two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms of folding cradles

 A folding cradle must have a latching or locking mechanism that meets all of the following requirements:

  • (a) it latches or locks automatically;

  • (b) it requires two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it; and

  • (c) it prevents the cradle from folding up or collapsing when tested in accordance with section 4 of Schedule 8.

Additional Requirements for Bassinets and Stands

Marginal note:Stability

  •  (1) A bassinet must not tip over when tested in accordance with Schedule 11.

  • Marginal note:Bassinet on stand

    (2) A bassinet when used with a stand must not tip over when tested in accordance with Schedule 11.

Marginal note:Structural integrity

 A bassinet must not exhibit any damage when it is tested in accordance with section 5 of Schedule 8.

Marginal note:Height of sides

 Every side of a bassinet must meet the following requirements when the mattress support is in any position:

  • (a) its lower surface must be lower than the upper surface of the mattress support;

  • (b) in the case of a stationary side, its upper surface must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support; and

  • (c) in the case of an access side, the upper surface of its stationary part must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms of access sides

 The movable part of an access side of a bassinet must be held in each of its adjustment positions by means of a mechanism that latches or locks automatically and that requires two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it.

Marginal note:Latching or locking mechanisms of folding bassinets

 A folding bassinet must have a latching or locking mechanism that meets all of the following requirements:

  • (a) it latches or locks automatically;

  • (b) it requires two separate, deliberate and simultaneous actions to unlatch or unlock it; and

  • (c) it prevents the bassinet from folding up or collapsing when tested in accordance with section 5 of Schedule 8.

Additional Requirements for Accessories

Marginal note:Entrapment — accessory placed on or fixed to crib

  •  (1) When tested in accordance with section 1 of Schedule 12, any opening that is created when an accessory is placed on or fixed to a crib must not permit the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to Schedule 7 unless it also permits the passage of the large head probe illustrated in the figure to section 1 of Schedule 12.

  • Marginal note:Entrapment — accessory detached or displaced from crib

    (2) When tested in accordance with section 2 of Schedule 12, any opening that is created when an accessory detaches or is displaced from a crib must not permit the passage of the small head probe illustrated in the figure to Schedule 7.

Marginal note:Structural integrity

 Every sleep accessory and change table accessory must be capable of supporting the following load for a period of 60 seconds without any damage to the accessory:

  • (a) in the case of a sleep accessory, a load of 24 kg that has a square base that measures 152 mm × 152 mm applied to the geometric centre of the mattress support; and

  • (b) in the case of a change table accessory, a load of 45 kg that has a square base that measures 152 mm × 152 mm applied to the geometric centre of the surface that supports the weight of the child.

Marginal note:Height of sides — sleep accessory

 Every side of a sleep accessory must meet the following requirements:

  • (a) its lower surface must be lower than the upper surface of the mattress support;

  • (b) in the case of a stationary side, its upper surface must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support; and

  • (c) in the case of an access side, the upper surface of its stationary part must be at least 230 mm higher than the upper surface of the mattress support.

Information and Advertising

General Provisions

Marginal note:Reference to Canada Consumer Product Safety Act or Regulations

 Information that appears on a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand, that accompanies one or that is in any advertisement for one must not make any direct or indirect reference to the Canada Consumer Product Safety Act or these Regulations.

Marginal note:Advertising

 An advertisement must not show a crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand in any way that is contrary to the warnings set out in sections 53 to 70 and 72 to 79.

Presentation of Information

Marginal note:Presentation — general

 The information required by these Regulations must meet all of the following requirements:

  • (a) it must be displayed in English and French;

  • (b) it must be printed on the crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand, or on a label that is permanently affixed to the product;

  • (c) it must be printed in characters in a colour that contrasts sharply with the background; and

  • (d) it must be set out in a manner that is clear and legible and sufficiently durable to remain legible throughout the useful life of the crib, cradle, bassinet, accessory or stand under normal conditions of transportation, storage, sale and use.

Marginal note:Print

  •  (1) The required information must be printed in a standard sans-serif type that

    • (a) is not compressed, expanded or decorative; and

    • (b) has a large x-height relative to the ascender or descender of the type, as illustrated in Schedule 13.

  • Marginal note:Height of type

    (2) The height of the type is determined by measuring an upper case letter or a lower case letter that has an ascender or a descender, such as “b” or “p”.

 
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