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Criminal Code (R.S.C., 1985, c. C-46)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-09-22 and last amended on 2022-06-23. Previous Versions

PART XVSpecial Procedure and Powers (continued)

Sex Offender Information (continued)

Order to Comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act (continued)

Marginal note:Appeal

 The prosecutor, or a person who is subject to an order under subsection 490.012(2), may appeal from a decision of the court under that subsection on any ground of appeal that raises a question of law or of mixed law and fact. The appeal court may dismiss the appeal, or allow it and order a new hearing, quash the order or make an order that may be made under that subsection.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2010, c. 17, s. 7

Marginal note:Application for termination order

  •  (1) A person who is subject to an order may apply for a termination order

    • (a) if five years have elapsed since the order was made, in the case of an order referred to in paragraph 490.013(2)(a);

    • (b) if 10 years have elapsed since the order was made, in the case of an order referred to in paragraph 490.013(2)(b); or

    • (c) if 20 years have elapsed since the order was made, in the case of an order referred to in paragraph 490.013(2)(c) or subsection 490.013(2.1), (3) or (5).

  • Marginal note:Multiple orders

    (2) A person who is subject to more than one order made under section 490.012 of this Act, or under that section and section 227.01 of the National Defence Act, may apply for a termination order if 20 years have elapsed since the most recent order was made.

  • Marginal note:Pardon or record suspension

    (3) Despite subsections (1) and (2), a person may apply for a termination order once they receive a pardon or once a record suspension is ordered.

  • Marginal note:Scope of application

    (4) The application shall be in relation to every order that is in effect. If a person is subject to an obligation under section 490.019 or 490.02901, under section 227.06 of the National Defence Act or under section 36.1 of the International Transfer of Offenders Act, the application shall also be in relation to that obligation.

  • Marginal note:Re-application

    (5) A person whose application is refused may re-apply if five years have elapsed since they made the previous application. They may also re-apply once they receive a pardon or once a record suspension is ordered. However, they may not re-apply under this subsection if an order is made with respect to them under section 490.012 of this Act or section 227.01 of the National Defence Act after the previous application was made.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction

    (6) The application shall be made to

    • (a) a superior court of criminal jurisdiction if

      • (i) one or more of the orders to which it relates were made by such a court under section 490.012, or

      • (ii) one or more of the orders to which it relates were made under section 227.01 of the National Defence Act and the Chief Military Judge does not have jurisdiction to receive the application under subsection 227.03(6) of that Act; or

    • (b) a court of criminal jurisdiction, in any other case in which the application relates to one or more orders made under section 490.012.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 15
  • 2010, c. 17, s. 8
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 142

Marginal note:Termination order

  •  (1) The court shall make a termination order if it is satisfied that the person has established that the impact on them of continuing an order or an obligation, including on their privacy or liberty, would be grossly disproportionate to the public interest in protecting society through the effective prevention or investigation of crimes of a sexual nature, to be achieved by the registration of information relating to sex offenders under the Sex Offender Information Registration Act.

  • Marginal note:Reasons for decision

    (2) The court shall give reasons for its decision.

  • Marginal note:Requirements relating to notice

    (3) If the court makes a termination order, it shall cause the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, to be notified of the decision.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 16
  • 2010, c. 17, s. 9

Marginal note:Appeal

  •  (1) The prosecutor or the person who applied for a termination order may appeal from a decision made under subsection 490.016(1) on any ground of appeal that raises a question of law or of mixed law and fact. The appeal court may dismiss the appeal, or allow it and order a new hearing, quash the termination order or make an order that may be made under that subsection.

  • Marginal note:Requirements relating to notice

    (2) If the appeal court makes an order that may be made under subsection 490.016(1), it shall cause the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, in which the application for the order was made to be notified of the decision.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 17
  • 2010, c. 17, s. 10

Marginal note:Requirements relating to notice

  •  (1) When a court or appeal court makes an order under section 490.012, it shall cause

    • (a) the order to be read by or to the person who is subject to it;

    • (b) a copy of the order to be given to that person;

    • (c) that person to be informed of sections 4 to 7.1 of the Sex Offender Information Registration Act, sections 490.031 and 490.0311 of this Act and section 119.1 of the National Defence Act; and

    • (d) a copy of the order to be sent to

      • (i) the Review Board that is responsible for making a disposition with respect to that person, if applicable,

      • (ii) the person in charge of the place in which that person is to serve the custodial portion of a sentence or is to be detained in custody as part of a disposition under Part XX.1, if applicable,

      • (iii) the police service whose member charged that person with the offence in connection with which the order is made, and

      • (iv) the Commissioner of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police.

  • Marginal note:Endorsement

    (2) After paragraphs (1)(a) to (c) have been complied with, the person who is subject to the order shall endorse the order.

  • Marginal note:Notice on disposition by Review Board

    (3) A Review Board shall cause a copy of the order to be given to the person who is subject to it when it directs

    • (a) under paragraph 672.54(a), that the person be discharged absolutely; or

    • (b) under paragraph 672.54(b), that the person be discharged subject to conditions, unless the conditions restrict the person’s liberty in a manner and to an extent that prevent them from complying with sections 4, 4.1, 4.3 and 6 of the Sex Offender Information Registration Act.

  • Marginal note:Notice before release

    (4) The person in charge of the place in which the person is serving the custodial portion of a sentence, or is detained in custody, before their release or discharge shall give the person a copy of the order not earlier than 10 days before their release or discharge.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 18
  • 2010, c. 17, s. 11

Notice and Obligation to Comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act — Convictions Before December 15, 2004

Marginal note:Obligation to comply

 A person who is served with a notice in Form 53 shall comply with the Sex Offender Information Registration Act for the applicable period specified in section 490.022 unless a court makes an exemption order under subsection 490.023(2).

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20

Marginal note:Persons who may be served

  •  (1) The Attorney General of a province or minister of justice of a territory may serve a person with a notice only if the person was convicted of, or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for, an offence referred to in paragraph (a), (c), (c.1), (d) or (e) of the definition designated offence in subsection 490.011(1) and

    • (a) on the day on which the Sex Offender Information Registration Act comes into force, they are subject to a sentence for, or have not received an absolute discharge under Part XX.1 from, the offence; or

    • (b) in any other case,

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) A notice shall not be served on a person

    • (a) if they have been finally acquitted of, or have received a free pardon granted under Her Majesty’s royal prerogative of mercy or under section 748 for, every offence in connection with which a notice may be served on them under section 490.021 of this Act or section 227.08 of the National Defence Act;

    • (b) if an application has been made for an order under subsection 490.012(3) of this Act or subsection 227.01(3) of the National Defence Act in relation to any offence in connection with which a notice may be served on them under section 490.021 of this Act or section 227.08 of the National Defence Act; or

    • (c) who is referred to in paragraph (1)(b) if they have provided proof of a pardon in accordance with subsection 9(1) of the Ontario Act.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 20

Marginal note:Period for and method of service

  •  (1) The notice shall be personally served within one year after the day on which the Sex Offender Information Registration Act comes into force.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) If a person referred to in paragraph 490.02(1)(a) is unlawfully at large or is in breach of any terms of their sentence or discharge, or of any conditions set under this Act or under Part III of the National Defence Act, that relate to residence, the notice may be served by registered mail at their last known address.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (3) If a person referred to in paragraph 490.02(1)(b) is not in compliance with section 3 of the Ontario Act on the day on which the Sex Offender Information Registration Act comes into force, the notice may be served by registered mail at their last known address.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (4) If a person referred to in paragraph 490.02(1)(b) is in compliance with section 3 and subsection 7(2) of the Ontario Act on the day on which the Sex Offender Information Registration Act comes into force but fails to comply with subsection 3(1) or 7(2) of the Ontario Act within one year after that day, the notice shall be served within one year after the day on which they failed to comply and may be served by registered mail at their last known address.

  • Marginal note:Proof of service

    (5) An affidavit of the person who served the notice, sworn before a commissioner or other person authorized to take affidavits, is evidence of the service and the notice if it sets out that

    • (a) the person who served the notice has charge of the appropriate records and has knowledge of the facts in the particular case;

    • (b) the notice was personally served on, or mailed to, the person to whom it was directed on a named day; and

    • (c) the person who served the notice identifies a true copy of the notice as an exhibit attached to the affidavit.

  • Marginal note:Requirements relating to notice

    (6) The person who served the notice shall, without delay, send a copy of the affidavit and the notice to the Attorney General of the province, or the minister of justice of the territory, in which the person was served.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 21

Marginal note:Date obligation begins

  •  (1) The obligation under section 490.019 begins

    • (a) either one year after the day on which the person is served with the notice or when an exemption order is refused under subsection 490.023(2), whichever is later; or

    • (b) when an exemption order is quashed.

  • Marginal note:Date obligation ends

    (2) The obligation ends on the earliest of

    • (a) the day on which an exemption order is made on an appeal from a decision made under subsection 490.023(2),

    • (b) the day on which the obligation of a person referred to in paragraph 490.02(1)(b) to comply with section 3 of the Ontario Act ends under paragraph 7(1)(a) of that Act, or

    • (c) the day on which a person referred to in paragraph 490.02(1)(b) provides satisfactory proof of a pardon or record suspension to a person who collects information, as defined in subsection 3(1) of the Sex Offender Information Registration Act, at a registration centre.

  • Marginal note:Duration of obligation

    (3) If none of paragraphs (2)(a) to (c) applies earlier, the obligation

    • (a) ends 10 years after the person was sentenced, or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder, for the offence listed in the notice if the offence was prosecuted summarily or if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offence is two or five years;

    • (b) ends 20 years after the person was sentenced, or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder, for the offence listed in the notice if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offence is 10 or 14 years;

    • (c) applies for life if the maximum term of imprisonment for the offence listed in the notice is life; or

    • (d) applies for life if, at any time, the person was convicted of, or found not criminally responsible on account of mental disorder for, more than one offence that is referred to in paragraph (a), (c), (c.1), (d) or (e) of the definition designated offence in subsection 490.011(1) of this Act or in paragraph (a) or (c) of the definition designated offence in section 227 of the National Defence Act and if more than one of those offences is listed in the notice.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 22
  • 2012, c. 1, s. 143

Marginal note:Application for exemption order

  •  (1) A person who is not subject to an order under section 490.012 of this Act or section 227.01 of the National Defence Act may apply for an order exempting them from the obligation within one year after they are served with a notice under section 490.021 of this Act or section 227.08 of the National Defence Act.

  • Marginal note:Jurisdiction

    (1.1) The application shall be made to a court of criminal jurisdiction if

    • (a) it relates to an obligation under section 490.019 of this Act; or

    • (b) it relates to an obligation under section 227.06 of the National Defence Act and the Chief Military Judge does not have jurisdiction to receive the application under subsection 227.1(2) of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Exemption order

    (2) The court shall make an exemption order if it is satisfied that the person has established that the impact of the obligation on them, including on their privacy or liberty, would be grossly disproportionate to the public interest in protecting society through the effective prevention or investigation of crimes of a sexual nature, to be achieved by the registration of information relating to sex offenders under the Sex Offender Information Registration Act.

  • Marginal note:Reasons for decision

    (3) The court shall give reasons for its decision.

  • Marginal note:Removal of information from database

    (4) If the court makes an exemption order, it shall also make an order requiring the Royal Canadian Mounted Police to permanently remove from the database all information that relates to the person that was registered in the database on receipt of the copy of the notice.

  • 2004, c. 10, s. 20
  • 2007, c. 5, s. 23
  • 2010, c. 17, s. 13
 
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