Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
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Canada Transportation Act (S.C. 1996, c. 10)

Act current to 2021-06-28 and last amended on 2020-06-10. Previous Versions

PART IAdministration (continued)

Canadian Transportation Agency (continued)

Mediation or Arbitration

Marginal note:Request by all parties

  •  (1) If sections 36.1 and 169.1 do not apply, the Agency may mediate or arbitrate a dispute relating to any railway matter covered under Part III — other than Division VI.2 — or Part IV, or to the application of any rate or charge for the movement of goods by railways or for the provision of incidental services, if requested to do so by all parties to the dispute.

  • Marginal note:Establishment of roster

    (1.1) The Agency may establish a roster of persons, which may include members and staff of the Agency, to act as mediators or arbitrators.

  • Marginal note:Reimbursement of costs

    (2) The parties are jointly and severally, or solidarily, liable to reimburse the Agency its costs arising from the mediation or arbitration.

  • Marginal note:Mediator not to act in other proceedings

    (3) The person who acts as mediator or arbitrator may not act in any other proceedings before the Agency in relation to any matter that was at issue in the mediation or arbitration.

  • 2007, c. 19, s. 7
  • 2008, c. 5, ss. 8, 9
  • 2015, c. 31, s. 3


Marginal note:Inquiry into complaint

 The Agency may inquire into, hear and determine a complaint concerning any act, matter or thing prohibited, sanctioned or required to be done under any Act of Parliament that is administered in whole or in part by the Agency.

Marginal note:Appointment of person to conduct inquiry

  •  (1) The Agency may appoint a member, or an employee of the Agency, to make any inquiry that the Agency is authorized to conduct and report to the Agency.

  • Marginal note:Dealing with report

    (2) On receipt of the report under subsection (1), the Agency may adopt the report as a decision or order of the Agency or otherwise deal with it as it considers advisable.

Marginal note:Powers on inquiry

 A person conducting an inquiry may, for the purposes of the inquiry,

  • (a) enter and inspect any place, other than a dwelling-house, or any structure, work, rolling stock or ship that is the property or under the control of any person the entry or inspection of which appears to the inquirer to be necessary; and

  • (b) exercise the same powers as are vested in a superior court to summon witnesses, enforce their attendance and compel them to give evidence and produce any materials, books, papers, plans, specifications, drawings and other documents that the inquirer thinks necessary.

Review and Appeal

Marginal note:Governor in Council may vary or rescind orders, etc.

 The Governor in Council may, at any time, in the discretion of the Governor in Council, either on petition of a party or an interested person or of the Governor in Council’s own motion, vary or rescind any decision, order, rule or regulation of the Agency, whether the decision or order is made inter partes or otherwise, and whether the rule or regulation is general or limited in its scope and application, and any order that the Governor in Council may make to do so is binding on the Agency and on all parties.

Marginal note:Appeal from Agency

  •  (1) An appeal lies from the Agency to the Federal Court of Appeal on a question of law or a question of jurisdiction on leave to appeal being obtained from that Court on application made within one month after the date of the decision, order, rule or regulation being appealed from, or within any further time that a judge of that Court under special circumstances allows, and on notice to the parties and the Agency, and on hearing those of them that appear and desire to be heard.

  • Marginal note:Time for making appeal

    (2) No appeal, after leave to appeal has been obtained under subsection (1), lies unless it is entered in the Federal Court of Appeal within sixty days after the order granting leave to appeal is made.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Court

    (3) An appeal shall be heard as quickly as is practicable and, on the hearing of the appeal, the Court may draw any inferences that are not inconsistent with the facts expressly found by the Agency and that are necessary for determining the question of law or jurisdiction, as the case may be.

  • Marginal note:Agency may be heard

    (4) The Agency is entitled to be heard by counsel or otherwise on the argument of an appeal.

Report of Agency

Marginal note:Agency’s report

  •  (1) Each year the Agency shall, before the end of July, make a report on its activities for the preceding year and submit it, through the Minister, to the Governor in Council describing briefly, in respect of that year,

    • (a) applications to the Agency and the findings on them; and

    • (b) the findings of the Agency in regard to any matter or thing respecting which the Agency has acted on the request of the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Additional content

    (2) The Agency shall include in every report referred to in subsection (1)

    • (a) the Agency’s assessment of the operation of this Act and any difficulties observed in the administration of this Act;

    • (b) in respect of the year to which the report relates, information about, including the number of, the following:

      • (i) inspections conducted under this Act for a purpose related to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with any provision of regulations made under subsection 170(1) or with any of sections 60 to 62 of the Accessible Canada Act,

      • (ii) orders made under section 181.2,

      • (iii) orders, in writing, made under section 26 that require any person to do or to refrain from doing any thing that they are or may be required to do or are prohibited from doing under any provision of regulations made under subsection 170(1) or any of sections 60 to 62 of the Accessible Canada Act,

      • (iv) notices of violation issued under section 180 that identify a violation referred to in subsection 177(3), and

      • (v) inquiries made under any of sections 172, 172.1 and 172.3;

    • (c) the Agency’s observations about whether the information referred to in paragraph (b) discloses any systemic or emerging issues in respect of any matter or thing that concerns transportation to which the legislative authority of Parliament extends and that relates to the mobility of persons with disabilities; and

    • (d) any other information prescribed by regulations made under subsection (2.01).

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (2.01) For the purpose of paragraph (2)(d), the Governor in Council may make regulations prescribing information about any matter or thing that concerns transportation to which the legislative authority of Parliament extends and that relates to the mobility of persons with disabilities.

  • Marginal note:Railway transportation

    (2.1) The report shall include the number and nature of the applications, complaints and submissions for arbitration made under Parts III and IV, the manner they were dealt with and the systemic trends observed. The report shall also include the number of disputes that were mediated by the Agency and the number that were resolved through mediation by the Agency.

  • Marginal note:Confidential information

    (2.2) The Agency shall ensure that the report does not include any confidential information.

  • Marginal note:Tabling of report

    (3) The Minister shall have a copy of each report made under this section laid before each House of Parliament on any of the first thirty days on which that House is sitting after the Minister receives it.

Governor in Council

Directions to Agency

Marginal note:Policy directions

  •  (1) The Governor in Council may, at the request of the Agency or of the Governor in Council’s own motion, issue policy directions to the Agency concerning any matter that comes within the jurisdiction of the Agency and every such direction shall be carried out by the Agency under the Act of Parliament that establishes the powers, duties and functions of the Agency in relation to the subject-matter of the direction.

  • Marginal note:Limitation on directions

    (2) A direction issued under subsection (1) shall not affect a matter that is before the Agency on the date of the direction and that relates to a particular person.

Marginal note:Delay of binding effect

 A direction issued under section 43 is not binding on the Agency until the expiration of the thirtieth sitting day of Parliament after the direction has been laid before both Houses of Parliament by or on behalf of the Minister, unless the direction has been previously laid before both Houses of Parliament in proposed form by or on behalf of the Minister and thirty sitting days of Parliament have expired after the proposed direction was laid.

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