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Canada Transportation Act (S.C. 1996, c. 10)

Act current to 2021-09-11 and last amended on 2020-06-10. Previous Versions

PART IIIRailway Transportation (continued)

DIVISION IVRates, Tariffs and Services (continued)

Traffic of Grain

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 8, s. 6]

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 8, s. 6]

 [Repealed, 2014, c. 8, s. 6]

Tariffs — General

Marginal note:Rates to be charged

  •  (1) Subject to section 126, a railway company shall not charge a rate in respect of the movement of traffic or passengers unless the rate is set out in a tariff that has been issued and published in accordance with this Division and is in effect.

  • Marginal note:Tariff to include prescribed information

    (2) The tariff must include any information that the Agency may prescribe by regulation.

  • Marginal note:Accessibility of tariff

    (3) The railway company shall make the tariff accessible to the public by publishing it on its Internet site.

  • (4) [Repealed, 2018, c. 10, s. 24]

  • Marginal note:Record of tariff

    (5) The railway company shall keep a record of the tariff for at least three years after its cancellation.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 117
  • 2018, c. 10, s. 24

Tariffs — Freight

Marginal note:Freight tariff requested by shipper

 A railway company shall, at the request of a shipper, issue a tariff in respect of the movement of traffic on its railway.

Marginal note:Notice of change of tariff

  •  (1) A railway company that proposes to increase a rate in a tariff for the movement of traffic shall publish a notice of the increase at least 30 days before its effective date.

  • Marginal note:Effect of freight tariff

    (2) If a railway company issues and publishes a tariff of rates for the movement of traffic in accordance with this Division and Division VI,

    • (a) the rates are the lawful rates of the railway company and, subject to subsection (1), they take effect on the date stated in the tariff;

    • (b) the tariff supersedes any preceding tariff or any portion of it in so far as any rate in the tariff is varied; and

    • (c) a railway company that owns or operates a railway line in respect of which the tariff is issued shall charge the rates in the tariff until they expire or until the tariff is superseded by a new tariff.

  • 1996, c. 10, s. 119
  • 2008, c. 5, s. 2

Marginal note:Application to vessels

 The provisions of this Division relating to tariffs, in so far as the Agency considers them applicable, apply to traffic carried by a railway company by water between ports or places in Canada if the company owns, charters, uses, maintains or operates vessels for carrying traffic by water between ports or places in Canada, or is a party to an arrangement for using, maintaining or operating vessels for that purpose.

Marginal note:Unreasonable charges or terms

  •  (1) If, on complaint in writing to the Agency by a shipper who is subject to any charges and associated terms and conditions for the movement of traffic or for the provision of incidental services that are found in a tariff that applies to more than one shipper other than a tariff referred to in subsection 165(3), the Agency finds that the charges or associated terms and conditions are unreasonable, the Agency may, by order, establish new charges or associated terms and conditions.

  • Marginal note:Period of validity

    (2) An order made under subsection (1) remains in effect for the period, not exceeding one year, specified in the order.

  • Marginal note:Factors to be considered

    (3) In deciding whether any charges or associated terms and conditions are unreasonable, the Agency shall take into account the following factors:

    • (a) the objective of the charges or associated terms and conditions;

    • (b) the industry practice in setting the charges or associated terms and conditions;

    • (c) in the case of a complaint relating to the provision of any incidental service, the existence of an effective, adequate and competitive alternative to the provision of that service; and

    • (d) any other factor that the Agency considers relevant.

  • Marginal note:Commercially fair and reasonable

    (4) Any charges or associated terms and conditions established by the Agency shall be commercially fair and reasonable to the shippers who are subject to them as well as to the railway company that issued the tariff containing them.

  • Marginal note:Duty to vary tariff

    (5) The railway company shall, without delay after the Agency establishes any charges or associated terms and conditions, vary its tariff to reflect those charges or associated terms and conditions.

  • Marginal note:No variation

    (6) The railway company shall not vary its tariff with respect to any charges or associated terms and conditions established by the Agency until the period referred to in subsection (2) has expired.

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (7) For greater certainty, this section does not apply to rates for the movement of traffic.

  • 2008, c. 5, s. 3

Joint Rates

Marginal note:Continuous route in Canada

  •  (1) If traffic is to move over a continuous route in Canada and portions of it are operated by two or more railway companies, the companies shall, at the request of a shipper intending to move the traffic,

    • (a) agree on a joint tariff for the continuous route and on the apportionment of the rate in the joint tariff; or

    • (b) enter into a confidential contract for the continuous route.

  • Marginal note:Agency may decide if no agreement

    (2) If the railway companies fail to agree or to enter into a confidential contract, the Agency, on the application of the shipper, may

    • (a) direct the companies, within any time that the Agency may specify, to agree on a joint tariff for the continuous route and an apportionment of the rate that is satisfactory to the Agency; or

    • (b) within ninety days after the application is received by the Agency,

      • (i) determine the route and the rate and apportion the rate among the companies, and

      • (ii) determine the dates, not earlier than the date of receipt by the Agency of the application, when the rate comes into effect and when it must be published.

  • Marginal note:Refund to shipper

    (3) If the Agency determines a rate under paragraph (2)(b), the companies that operate the route shall pay a shipper who moved traffic over the route an amount equal to the difference, if any, between the rate that was paid by the shipper and the rate determined by the Agency, applicable to all movements of traffic by the shipper over the route from the date on which the application was made to the date on which the determined rate comes into effect.

Marginal note:Publication requirements for joint tariff or rate

  •  (1) If a joint tariff or rate is agreed on or determined under section 121, the requirements of this Division for the publication of the tariff or rate apply only to the railway company operating the railway line on which the movement of the traffic originates.

  • Marginal note:Publication of subsection 121(2) tariff or rate

    (2) A joint tariff or rate agreed on or determined under subsection 121(2) must be published without delay, or within any additional time that the Agency may specify.

Marginal note:Publication of joint tariff — from Canada to or through foreign country

 If traffic is to move over a continuous route from a point in Canada through a foreign country into Canada, or from a point in Canada to a foreign country, and the continuous route is operated by two or more railway companies, the requirements of this Division for the publication of an applicable joint tariff apply only to the railway company operating the railway line on which the movement of the traffic originates.

Marginal note:Publication of joint tariff — from foreign country to or through Canada

 If traffic is to move over a continuous route from a point in a foreign country into Canada, or from a foreign country through Canada into a foreign country, and the continuous route is operated by two or more companies, the requirements of this Division for the publication of an applicable joint tariff apply only to the railway company operating the railway line on which the traffic is first moved in Canada.

Marginal note:Continuous carriage not to be prevented

  •  (1) No railway company shall, by any combination, contract or agreement, express or implied, or by any other means, prevent traffic from being moved on a continuous route from the point of origin to the point of destination.

  • Marginal note:Break in bulk, etc.

    (2) A break in bulk, stop or interruption made by a railway company does not prevent the movement of traffic from being treated, for the purposes of sections 121 to 124, as one continuous movement from the point of origin to the point of destination, if the break, stop or interruption was made in good faith for a necessary purpose and without intent to avoid or unnecessarily interrupt the continuous movement or to evade the provisions of this Division.

  • Marginal note:Agency may require information

    (3) The Agency may direct a railway company operating on a continuous route to inform the Agency of the proportion of the rates that the railway company, or any other company operating on the continuous route, is to receive or has received under a joint tariff or confidential contract applicable to the route.

 
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