Government of Canada / Gouvernement du Canada
Symbol of the Government of Canada

Search

Immigration and Refugee Protection Act (S.C. 2001, c. 27)

Act current to 2024-02-06 and last amended on 2023-12-15. Previous Versions

PART 1Immigration to Canada (continued)

DIVISION 4Inadmissibility (continued)

Marginal note:Security

  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on security grounds for

    • (a) engaging in an act of espionage that is against Canada or that is contrary to Canada’s interests;

    • (b) engaging in or instigating the subversion by force of any government;

    • (b.1) engaging in an act of subversion against a democratic government, institution or process as they are understood in Canada;

    • (c) engaging in terrorism;

    • (d) being a danger to the security of Canada;

    • (e) engaging in acts of violence that would or might endanger the lives or safety of persons in Canada; or

    • (f) being a member of an organization that there are reasonable grounds to believe engages, has engaged or will engage in acts referred to in paragraph (a), (b), (b.1) or (c).

  • (2) [Repealed, 2013, c. 16, s. 13]

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 34
  • 2013, c. 16, s. 13

Marginal note:Human or international rights violations

  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of violating human or international rights for

    • (a) committing an act outside Canada that constitutes an offence referred to in sections 4 to 7 of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act;

    • (b) being a prescribed senior official in the service of a government that, in the opinion of the Minister, engages or has engaged in terrorism, systematic or gross human rights violations, or genocide, a war crime or a crime against humanity within the meaning of subsections 6(3) to (5) of the Crimes Against Humanity and War Crimes Act; or

    • (c) [Repealed, 2023, c. 19, s. 5]

    • (c.1) having engaged in conduct that would, in the opinion of the Minister, constitute an offence under section 240.1 of the Criminal Code.

    • (d) [Repealed, 2023, c. 19, s. 5]

    • (e) [Repealed, 2023, c. 19, s. 5]

  • (2) [Repealed, 2023, c. 19, s. 5]

Marginal note:Sanctions

  •  (1) A foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of sanctions if

    • (a) their entry into or stay in Canada is restricted under a decision, resolution or measure of an international organization of states or association of states, of which Canada is a member, that imposes sanctions on a person, entity or foreign state, within the meaning of section 2 of the Special Economic Measures Act, against which or whom Canada has imposed or has agreed to impose sanctions in concert with that organization or association;

    • (b) they are currently the subject of an order or regulation made under section 4 of the Special Economic Measures Act; or

    • (c) they are currently the subject of an order or regulation made under section 4 of the Justice for Victims of Corrupt Foreign Officials Act (Sergei Magnitsky Law).

  • Marginal note:Clarification

    (2) For greater certainty, despite section 33, a foreign national whose entry into or stay in Canada is no longer restricted under a decision, resolution or measure referred to in paragraph (1)(a) or who ceases being the subject of an order or regulation referred to in paragraph (1)(b) or (c) is no longer inadmissible under that paragraph.

Marginal note:Serious criminality

  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of serious criminality for

    • (a) having been convicted in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years, or of an offence under an Act of Parliament for which a term of imprisonment of more than six months has been imposed;

    • (b) having been convicted of an offence outside Canada that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years; or

    • (c) committing an act outside Canada that is an offence in the place where it was committed and that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by a maximum term of imprisonment of at least 10 years.

  • Marginal note:Criminality

    (2) A foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of criminality for

    • (a) having been convicted in Canada of an offence under an Act of Parliament punishable by way of indictment, or of two offences under any Act of Parliament not arising out of a single occurrence;

    • (b) having been convicted outside Canada of an offence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an indictable offence under an Act of Parliament, or of two offences not arising out of a single occurrence that, if committed in Canada, would constitute offences under an Act of Parliament; or

    • (c) committing an act outside Canada that is an offence in the place where it was committed and that, if committed in Canada, would constitute an indictable offence under an Act of Parliament.

    • (d) [Repealed, 2023, c. 32, s. 53]

  • Marginal note:Transborder criminality

    (2.1) A foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of transborder criminality for committing, on entering Canada, a prescribed offence under an Act of Parliament.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (3) The following provisions govern subsections (1) to (2.1):

    • (a) an offence that may be prosecuted either summarily or by way of indictment is deemed to be an indictable offence, even if it has been prosecuted summarily;

    • (b) inadmissibility under subsections (1) to (2.1) may not be based on a conviction in respect of which a record suspension has been ordered and has not been revoked or ceased to have effect under the Criminal Records Act, or in respect of which there has been a final determination of an acquittal;

    • (c) the matters referred to in paragraphs (1)(b) and (c) and (2)(b) and (c) do not constitute inadmissibility in respect of a permanent resident or foreign national who, after the prescribed period, satisfies the Minister that they have been rehabilitated or who is a member of a prescribed class that is deemed to have been rehabilitated;

    • (d) a determination of whether a permanent resident has committed an act described in paragraph (1)(c) must be based on a balance of probabilities; and

    • (e) inadmissibility under subsections (1) to (2.1) may not be based on an offence

      • (i) designated as a contravention under the Contraventions Act,

      • (ii) for which the permanent resident or foreign national is found guilty under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, or

      • (iii) for which the permanent resident or foreign national received a youth sentence under the Youth Criminal Justice Act.

Marginal note:Organized criminality

  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible on grounds of organized criminality for

    • (a) being a member of an organization that is believed on reasonable grounds to be or to have been engaged in activity that is part of a pattern of criminal activity planned and organized by a number of persons acting in concert in furtherance of the commission of an offence punishable under an Act of Parliament by way of indictment, or in furtherance of the commission of an offence outside Canada that, if committed in Canada, would constitute such an offence, or engaging in activity that is part of such a pattern; or

    • (b) engaging, in the context of transnational crime, in activities such as people smuggling, trafficking in persons or laundering of money or other proceeds of crime.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) Paragraph (1)(a) does not lead to a determination of inadmissibility by reason only of the fact that the permanent resident or foreign national entered Canada with the assistance of a person who is involved in organized criminal activity.

Marginal note:Health grounds

  •  (1) A foreign national is inadmissible on health grounds if their health condition

    • (a) is likely to be a danger to public health;

    • (b) is likely to be a danger to public safety; or

    • (c) might reasonably be expected to cause excessive demand on health or social services.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) Paragraph (1)(c) does not apply in the case of a foreign national who

    • (a) has been determined to be a member of the family class and to be the spouse, common-law partner or child of a sponsor within the meaning of the regulations;

    • (b) has applied for a permanent resident visa as a Convention refugee or a person in similar circumstances;

    • (c) is a protected person; or

    • (d) is, where prescribed by the regulations, the spouse, common-law partner, child or other family member of a foreign national referred to in any of paragraphs (a) to (c).

Marginal note:Financial reasons

 A foreign national is inadmissible for financial reasons if they are or will be unable or unwilling to support themself or any other person who is dependent on them, and have not satisfied an officer that adequate arrangements for care and support, other than those that involve social assistance, have been made.

Marginal note:Misrepresentation

  •  (1) A permanent resident or a foreign national is inadmissible for misrepresentation

    • (a) for directly or indirectly misrepresenting or withholding material facts relating to a relevant matter that induces or could induce an error in the administration of this Act;

    • (b) for being or having been sponsored by a person who is determined to be inadmissible for misrepresentation;

    • (c) on a final determination to vacate a decision to allow their claim for refugee protection or application for protection; or

    • (d) on ceasing to be a citizen under

      • (i) paragraph 10(1)(a) of the Citizenship Act, as it read immediately before the coming into force of section 8 of the Strengthening Canadian Citizenship Act, in the circumstances set out in subsection 10(2) of the Citizenship Act, as it read immediately before that coming into force,

      • (ii) subsection 10(1) of the Citizenship Act, in the circumstances set out in section 10.2 of that Act, or

      • (iii) subsection 10.1(3) of the Citizenship Act, in the circumstances set out in section 10.2 of that Act.

  • Marginal note:Application

    (2) The following provisions govern subsection (1):

    • (a) the permanent resident or the foreign national continues to be inadmissible for misrepresentation for a period of five years following, in the case of a determination outside Canada, a final determination of inadmissibility under subsection (1) or, in the case of a determination in Canada, the date the removal order is enforced; and

    • (b) paragraph (1)(b) does not apply unless the Minister is satisfied that the facts of the case justify the inadmissibility.

  • Marginal note:Inadmissible

    (3) A foreign national who is inadmissible under this section may not apply for permanent resident status during the period referred to in paragraph (2)(a).

  • 2001, c. 27, s. 40
  • 2012, c. 17, s. 17
  • 2013, c. 16, s. 16
  • 2014, c. 22, s. 42
  • 2017, c. 14, s. 25

Marginal note:Cessation of refugee protection — foreign national

  •  (1) A foreign national is inadmissible on a final determination under subsection 108(2) that their refugee protection has ceased.

  • Marginal note:Cessation of refugee protection — permanent resident

    (2) A permanent resident is inadmissible on a final determination that their refugee protection has ceased for any of the reasons described in paragraphs 108(1)(a) to (d).

  • 2012, c. 17, s. 18

Marginal note:Non-compliance with Act

 A person is inadmissible for failing to comply with this Act

  • (a) in the case of a foreign national, through an act or omission which contravenes, directly or indirectly, a provision of this Act; and

  • (b) in the case of a permanent resident, through failing to comply with subsection 27(2) or section 28.

Marginal note:Inadmissible family member

  •  (1) A foreign national, other than a protected person, is inadmissible on grounds of an inadmissible family member if

    • (a) their accompanying family member or, in prescribed circumstances, their non-accompanying family member is inadmissible; or

    • (b) they are an accompanying family member of an inadmissible person.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) In the case of a foreign national referred to in subsection (1) who is a temporary resident or who has made an application for temporary resident status or an application to remain in Canada as a temporary resident,

    • (a) the matters referred to in paragraph (1)(a) constitute inadmissibility only if the family member is inadmissible under section 34, 35, 35.1 or 37; and

    • (b) the matters referred to in paragraph (1)(b) constitute inadmissibility only if the foreign national is an accompanying family member of a person who is inadmissible under section 34, 35, 35.1 or 37.

 

Date modified: