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Health of Animals Act (S.C. 1990, c. 21)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-07-13 and last amended on 2019-01-15. Previous Versions

Infected Places and Control Zones (continued)

Marginal note:Regulations

 The Minister may make regulations prohibiting or regulating the movement of persons or designated animals or things from, within or into a primary or secondary control zone for the purpose of controlling or eliminating a disease or toxic substance, in respect of which the primary control zone or a secondary control zone referred to in subsection 27.1(2) was declared, or preventing its spread.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 508

Marginal note:Treatment or disposal

  •  (1) The Minister may, in respect of a designated animal or thing that is or has been in a primary or secondary control zone,

    • (a) treat that animal or thing or require its owner or the person having the possession, care or control of it to treat it or to have it treated if the Minister considers that the treatment will be effective in eliminating the disease or toxic substance or preventing its spread; or

    • (b) dispose of that animal or thing or require its owner or the person having the possession, care or control of it to dispose of it.

  • Marginal note:Return animal or thing

    (2) If an inspector or officer believes on reasonable grounds that a designated animal or thing has been removed from, moved within or taken into a primary control zone in contravention of subsection 27(3) — or a secondary control zone in contravention of an order made under subsection 27.1(4) — the inspector or officer may, whether or not that animal or thing is seized, move it to any place or require its owner or the person having the possession, care or control of it to move it to any place.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (3) A requirement under subsection (1) or (2) shall be communicated by the personal delivery of a notice to the owner or person having the possession, care or control of the animal or thing, or by sending the notice to the owner or person. The notice shall specify the period within which and the manner in which the requirement is to be met.

  • 2012, c. 19, s. 508

Marginal note:Statutory Instruments Act

  •  (1) The Statutory Instruments Act does not apply in respect of a declaration under section 22, 23 or 26, an order made under subsection 27(1) or (2), any of subsections 27.1(1) to (4) or section 27.3 or a permit referred to in subsection 27(3) or 27.1(4) that is issued as a general permit.

  • Marginal note:Accessibility

    (2) The Minister shall take any steps that may be reasonable in the circumstances to make the order or general permit accessible to persons likely to be affected by it.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 28
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 508

Administration

Facilities

Marginal note:Operation of services and facilities

 The Minister may operate, provide or approve any diagnostic, research, laboratory or other services or facilities required for the purposes of this Act or any regulations.

Marginal note:Designation of facilities

 The Minister may designate areas, offices, laboratories or other facilities inside or outside Canada for a specified purpose or generally for the administration of this Act or the regulations and may at any time amend, cancel or reinstate any such designation.

Definition of international transportation undertaking

  •  (1) For the purposes of this section, international transportation undertaking means

    • (a) an undertaking that transports persons or things internationally;

    • (b) an international road, railway, bridge or tunnel;

    • (c) an airport that receives any aircraft operating on an international flight;

    • (d) a port that receives any ship sailing on an international voyage; and

    • (e) a warehouse or other facility that receives any international air, water, rail or road traffic.

  • Marginal note:Required facilities

    (2) The owner or operator of an international transportation undertaking shall, where required in writing by the Minister, provide and maintain adequate areas, offices, laboratories and other facilities, including buildings, accommodation, equipment, furnishings and fixtures, for inspection or for any other purpose related to the administration of this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Powers of Minister

    (3) The Minister may

    • (a) cause to be made such improvements as the Minister considers desirable to any area, office, laboratory or other facility provided pursuant to subsection (2);

    • (b) post, on or about the area, office, laboratory or other facility, any signs that the Minister considers appropriate for its operation or safe use or for the administration of this Act or the regulations; and

    • (c) continue to use the area, office, laboratory or other facility for as long as the Minister requires it for the administration of this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Construction and repairs

    (4) Where an area, office, laboratory or other facility that is provided by an owner or operator pursuant to subsection (2) is not adequate for the purposes mentioned in that subsection, the Minister may require the owner or operator to carry out any construction or repairs in order to render the area, office, laboratory or other facility adequate for those purposes, and if the owner or operator fails to do so, the Minister may cause the construction or repairs to be carried out and the owner or operator shall be liable for all reasonable costs incurred by the Minister and those costs may be recovered by Her Majesty in right of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (5) A requirement under subsection (4) shall be communicated by personal delivery of a notice to the owner or operator or by sending the notice to the owner or operator, and the notice may specify the period within which or the manner in which the construction or repairs are to be carried out.

  • Marginal note:Arbitration

    (6) Subject to subsection (7) and any regulations made under subsection (8), a dispute over the adequacy of any area, office, laboratory or other facility may be resolved by arbitration in accordance with the Commercial Arbitration Act.

  • Marginal note:Canada Labour Code

    (7) Any area, office, laboratory or other facility that fails to meet the applicable requirements of Part II of the Canada Labour Code shall be deemed to be not adequate for the purposes mentioned in subsection (2).

  • Marginal note:Regulations

    (8) The Governor in Council may make regulations for determining the adequacy of any area, office, laboratory or other facility for the purposes mentioned in subsection (2).

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 31
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 102(F)

Inspectors and Officers

Marginal note:Designation

  •  (1) The President of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency may designate under section 13 of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency Act analysts, inspectors, veterinary inspectors and officers for the purposes of this Act.

  • Marginal note:Designation

    (1.1) The President of the Canada Border Services Agency may designate inspectors under paragraph 9(2)(b) of the Canada Border Services Agency Act for the purposes of enforcing this Act.

  • Marginal note:Certificate to be produced

    (2) Inspectors, officers and veterinary inspectors shall be given certificates in a form established by the President of the Canadian Food Inspection Agency or the President of the Canada Border Services Agency, as the case may be, attesting to their designation and, on entering any place under this Act, an inspector, officer or veterinary inspector shall show the certificate to the person in charge of the place if the person requests proof of the designation.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 32
  • 1997, c. 6, s. 68
  • 2005, c. 38, s. 117

Marginal note:Inspectors and officers may exercise Minister’s powers

  •  (1) An inspector or officer may, subject to any restrictions or limitations specified by the Minister, exercise any of the powers and perform any of the duties or functions of the Minister under this Act, except the powers mentioned in subsections 27(1) and 27.1(1) and (2) and sections 27.4 and 27.5.

  • Marginal note:Minister’s power — section 27.3

    (2) An inspector or officer may, subject to any restrictions or limitations specified by the Minister, exercise the Minister’s powers under section 27.3 only in respect of orders made under subsections 27(2) and 27.1(3) and (4).

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 33
  • 2012, c. 19, s. 509

Marginal note:Agreements

 For the purposes of this Act, the Minister may enter into an agreement with any qualified person to perform such duties or functions as the Minister may specify, on such terms and conditions as the Minister may specify.

Marginal note:Impeding analyst, inspector or officer

  •  (1) No person shall obstruct or hinder or make any false or misleading statement either orally or in writing to an analyst, inspector or officer who is performing duties or functions under this Act or the regulations.

  • Marginal note:Assistance to inspectors and officers

    (2) The owner or the person in charge of a place entered by an inspector or officer under section 38 and every person found in the place shall

    • (a) give the inspector or officer all reasonable assistance in the owner’s or person’s power to enable the inspector or officer to perform duties and functions under this Act or the regulations; and

    • (b) furnish the inspector or officer with such information relevant to the administration of this Act or the regulations as the inspector or officer may reasonably require.

  • Marginal note:Assistance of peace officer

    (3) A peace officer shall provide such assistance as an inspector or officer may request for the purpose of enforcing this Act or the regulations.

Marginal note:Provision of documents, information or samples

  •  (1) An inspector or officer may, for the purpose of detecting diseases or toxic substances or for a purpose related to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with this Act, order a person to provide, on the date, at the time and place and in the manner specified by the inspector or officer, any document, information or sample specified by the inspector or officer.

  • Marginal note:Duty to provide document, information or sample

    (2) A person who is ordered by an inspector or officer to provide a document, information or a sample has a duty to do so on the specified date, at the specified time and place and in the specified manner.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 36
  • 2015, c. 2, s. 90

Seals

Marginal note:Broken seal

  •  (1) Where a seal or other identifying device authorized by the regulations has been affixed to a conveyance, container or other thing and the seal or device is broken, altered, tampered with or removed in contravention of the regulations, an inspector or officer may require that the conveyance, container or other thing, or any animal or thing contained in it, be placed in quarantine, disposed of or returned to its place of origin or to such other place as the inspector or officer may direct.

  • Marginal note:Notice

    (2) A requirement under subsection (1) shall be communicated by personal delivery of a notice to the owner or person having the possession, care or control of the conveyance, container or other thing or by sending the notice to the owner or person, and the notice may specify the period within which and the manner in which it is to be quarantined, disposed of or returned.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 37
  • 2015, c. 3, s. 103(F)

Inspection

Marginal note:Inspection

  •  (1) For the purpose of detecting diseases or toxic substances or for a purpose related to verifying compliance or preventing non-compliance with this Act, an inspector or officer may

    • (a) subject to section 39, at any reasonable time, enter and inspect any place, or stop any conveyance, in which the inspector or officer believes on reasonable grounds there is any animal or thing in respect of which this Act or the regulations apply;

    • (b) open any receptacle, baggage, package, cage or other thing that the inspector or officer believes on reasonable grounds contains any animal or thing in respect of which this Act or the regulations apply;

    • (c) require any person to present any animal or thing for inspection in such manner and under such conditions as the inspector considers necessary to carry out the inspection;

    • (d) examine any animal or thing in respect of which this Act or the regulations apply and take samples of it;

    • (e) require any person to produce for inspection or copying, in whole or in part, any record or document that the inspector or officer believes on reasonable grounds contains any information relevant to the administration of this Act or the regulations; and

    • (f) conduct any tests or analyses or take any measurements.

  • Marginal note:Operation of data processing systems and copying equipment

    (2) In carrying out an inspection at any place under this section, an inspector or officer may

    • (a) use or cause to be used any data processing system at the place to examine any data contained in or available to the system;

    • (b) reproduce any record or cause it to be reproduced from the data in the form of a print-out or other intelligible output and take the print-out or other output for examination or copying; and

    • (c) use or cause to be used any copying equipment at the place to make copies of any record or other document.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 38
  • 2015, c. 2, s. 91

Marginal note:Warrant required to enter dwelling-place

  •  (1) An inspector or officer may not enter a dwelling-place except with the consent of the occupant of the dwelling-place or under the authority of a warrant.

  • Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant

    (2) Where on ex parte application a justice is satisfied by information on oath that

    • (a) the conditions for entry described in section 38 exist in relation to a dwelling-place,

    • (b) entry to the dwelling-place is necessary for any purpose relating to the administration of this Act or the regulations, and

    • (c) entry to the dwelling-place has been refused or there are reasonable grounds to believe that entry will be refused,

    the justice may at any time sign and issue a warrant authorizing the inspector or officer named in the warrant to enter the dwelling-place, subject to any conditions that may be specified in the warrant.

  • Marginal note:Use of force

    (3) The inspector or officer who executes a warrant shall not use force unless the inspector or officer is accompanied by a peace officer and the use of force is specifically authorized in the warrant.

Marginal note:Seizure

 Where an inspector or officer believes on reasonable grounds that a violation, or an offence under this Act, has been committed, the inspector or officer may seize and detain any animal or thing

  • (a) by means of or in relation to which the inspector or officer believes on reasonable grounds the violation or offence was committed; or

  • (b) that the inspector or officer believes on reasonable grounds will afford evidence in respect of the commission of a violation, or of an offence under this Act.

  • 1990, c. 21, s. 40
  • 1995, c. 40, s. 55
 
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