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Canada Grain Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. G-10)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-07-25 and last amended on 2020-07-01. Previous Versions

PART IIILicences and Licensees (continued)

Charges by Licensees (continued)

Marginal note:Payment before delivery

 Nothing in this Act requires a licensee, on a request for the delivery of grain by the holder of an elevator receipt, to deliver the grain referred to in the receipt to the holder unless the receipt has been surrendered and all charges accrued under this Act have been paid.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 54
  • R.S., 1985, c. 37 (4th Supp.), s. 20

Marginal note:Recovery of charges

  •  (1) If an elevator receipt issued by the licensee of a terminal elevator has been outstanding for more than one year and any charges accruing under the receipt have accrued for more than one year and are unpaid, the licensee, with the Commission’s written permission, after giving any notice of sale to the last known holder of the receipt that may be specified by the Commission, may, on any terms and conditions that may be specified in writing by the Commission, sell the grain referred to in the receipt or grain of the same kind, grade and quantity to recover the charges.

  • Marginal note:Obligation of licensee after sale

    (2) Where the licensee of an elevator sells grain under subsection (1), the licensee has no obligation to the holder of the elevator receipt issued in respect of the grain, other than to pay to the holder on surrender of the receipt the amount that the licensee received for the grain sold less the aggregate of the costs, if any, incurred in the sale of the grain and the charges accrued under this Act in respect of the grain to the date of the sale.

  • Marginal note:Warning

    (3) Each elevator receipt issued by the licensee of a terminal elevator shall bear the following warning:

    “WARNING: If the charges accruing under this receipt have been unpaid for more than one year, the grain may be sold, in which case the holder is entitled to receive, on surrender of this receipt, only the money received for the grain less those charges and the costs of sale.

    AVERTISSEMENT : En cas de non-paiement, pendant plus d’un an, des droits exigibles aux termes d’un récépissé, le grain peut être vendu, le détenteur du récépissé n’ayant droit par la suite, sur remise de ce document, qu’au produit de la vente, déduction faite de ces droits et des frais exposés pour la vente.”

  • R.S., 1985, c. 37 (4th Supp.), s. 20
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 365

PART IVElevators and Grain Dealers and the Handling of Grain by Licensees and Other Persons

Declaration

Marginal note:Works for the general advantage of Canada

  •  (1) All elevators in Canada heretofore or hereafter constructed, except elevators referred to in subsection (2) or (3), are and each of them is hereby declared to be a work or works for the general advantage of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Other works

    (1.1) Every flour mill, feed mill, feed warehouse and seed cleaning mill is a work for the general advantage of Canada.

  • (2) and (3) [Repealed before coming into force, 2008, c. 20, s. 3]

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 55
  • 2008, c. 20, s. 3
  • 2011, c. 25, s. 59

Elevators Generally

Marginal note:Facilities, equipment and maintenance

  •  (1) A licensee operating an elevator shall install in it such equipment, provide such facilities and maintain the equipment and structure of the elevator in such condition as may be prescribed in respect of elevators of that type or required by order of the Commission in respect of that elevator to ensure, as may be applicable, the efficient and accurate weighing, sampling, inspection, grading, drying, cleaning and accommodation of all grain, grain products and screenings received into or discharged from the elevator.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), no operator of a primary elevator shall be required pursuant to that subsection to install cleaning or drying equipment.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 56
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 11

Marginal note:Prohibited receipt into elevators

 Except as may be authorized by regulation or by order of the Commission, no licensee operating an elevator shall receive into the elevator

  • (a) any grain, grain product or screenings unless the grain, grain product or screenings is weighed at the elevator immediately before or during receipt;

  • (b) any material or substance for storage other than grain, grain products or screenings; or

  • (c) [Repealed, 2005, c. 24, s. 1]

  • (d) any grain that the operator has reason to believe is infested or contaminated.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 57
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 12
  • 2005, c. 24, s. 1

Marginal note:Grain out of condition

 Except as required by order of the Commission, no operator of a licensed elevator is required to receive into the elevator any grain that has gone or is likely to go out of condition.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 7, s. 46

Marginal note:Seeds Act and Pest Control Products Act

 No operator of a licensed elevator is required to receive into the elevator any grain that

  • (a) is of a variety produced from seed of a variety that is not registered under the Seeds Act for sale in or importation into Canada; or

  • (b) has in it, on it or has had applied to it a pest control product that is not registered under the Pest Control Products Act or any component or derivative of such a product.

Marginal note:Operator to exercise care and diligence

 The operator of a licensed elevator shall exercise reasonable care and diligence to prevent any grain in the elevator from suffering damage or from deteriorating or going out of condition.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 7, s. 47

Primary Elevators

Marginal note:Receipt of grain

 Subject to section 58 and any order made under section 118, the operator of every licensed primary elevator shall, at all reasonable hours on each day on which the elevator is open, without discrimination and in the order in which grain arrives and is lawfully offered at the elevator, receive into the elevator all grain so lawfully offered for which there is, in the elevator, available storage accommodation of the type required by the person by whom the grain is offered.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 60
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)

Marginal note:Procedure on receipt of grain

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), if grain is lawfully offered at a licensed primary elevator for sale or storage, other than for special binning, the operator of the elevator shall, at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, issue a cash purchase ticket or elevator receipt stating the grade name, grade and dockage of the grain, and immediately provide it to the producer.

  • Marginal note:Dispute

    (2) If the producer and the operator of the elevator do not agree as to the grade of the grain, the dockage or a prescribed grain quality characteristic, the operator shall

    • (a) take a sample of the grain in the prescribed manner;

    • (b) deal with the sample in the prescribed manner; and

    • (c) issue an interim elevator receipt in the prescribed form.

  • Marginal note:Commission’s report

    (3) On receipt of a report from the Commission that assigns a grade in respect of the sample and that determines the dockage and each disputed grain quality characteristic, the operator of the elevator shall issue, at the prescribed time and in the prescribed manner, a cash purchase ticket or elevator receipt stating the grade name of the grain, the grade assigned in respect of the sample, the dockage so determined and each grain quality characteristic so determined, and immediately provide it to the producer.

Marginal note:Receipts for specially binned grain

  •  (1) Where grain is lawfully offered at a licensed primary elevator for special binning and the operator of the elevator agrees to specially bin the grain, the operator shall specially bin the grain offered and issue an elevator receipt in prescribed form indicating special binning.

  • Marginal note:Samples of grain to be specially binned

    (2) On the receipt at a licensed primary elevator of grain to be specially binned, the operator of the elevator shall, in the manner prescribed, take a sample of the grain and deal with the sample.

  • Marginal note:Disputes

    (3) Where a dispute arises between the holder of an elevator receipt indicating special binning and the operator of a licensed primary elevator in relation to the special binning, the Commission may, after affording any interested person a full and ample opportunity to be heard, examine the sample of the grain taken pursuant to subsection (2) and, if it determines that the identity of the grain has not been preserved in the elevator, make such order for payment or for the delivery of grain or both as it deems just.

  • Marginal note:Restriction

    (4) No order shall be made under subsection (3) unless written notice of the dispute has been received by the Commission within 30 days after the delivery of the grain that is the subject of the dispute to a terminal elevator or process elevator.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 62
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 366

Marginal note:Requested treatment of grain

 Where

  • (a) a person lawfully offers grain for storage at a licensed primary elevator equipped to treat the grain in a particular manner and requests that the grain be treated in that manner before the type of storage or the grade of the grain or both are determined, and

  • (b) the operator of the elevator agrees to receive the grain or is required by this Act or an order of the Commission to receive the grain,

the operator shall, in such manner as may be prescribed, weigh, handle and treat the grain as requested and shall issue an elevator receipt for the grain.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 63
  • 1998, c. 22, s. 25(F)

Marginal note:Verification of weight

 The operator of a primary elevator shall afford to any person who delivers grain to the elevator full facilities to verify the correct weight of the grain while the grain is being weighed.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 7, s. 52

Marginal note:Compulsory removal of grain

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), the operator of a licensed primary elevator may, on at least ten days notice in writing, in a form and manner prescribed, to the last known holder of an elevator receipt issued by the operator, require the holder to take delivery from the elevator of the grain referred to in the receipt.

  • Marginal note:Restriction applicable to specially binned grain

    (2) Except with the written permission of the Commission, no operator of a licensed primary elevator shall, pursuant to subsection (1), require the holder of an elevator receipt for specially binned grain to take delivery of the grain.

  • Marginal note:Failure to take delivery

    (3) Where the holder of an elevator receipt issued by the operator of a licensed primary elevator fails to take delivery of the grain referred to in a notice given pursuant to subsection (1) within a period for taking delivery set out in the notice, whether or not the notice has been brought to the attention of the holder, and the holder or a subsequent holder later requests delivery of the grain referred to in the receipt, the operator of the elevator may, at the option of the operator, on surrender of the elevator receipt and payment of all charges accruing under this Act to the day on which the receipt is surrendered,

    • (a) deliver grain pursuant to the surrendered receipt;

    • (b) pay to the holder of the surrendered receipt the market price, on the day that the receipt is surrendered, for grain of the same kind, grade and quantity as the grain referred to in the receipt; or

    • (c) deliver to the holder of the surrendered receipt an elevator receipt issued by the operator of a licensed terminal elevator for grain of the same kind, grade and quantity as the grain referred to in the surrendered receipt.

  • Marginal note:Warning

    (4) Each elevator receipt issued by the operator of a licensed primary elevator shall bear the following warning:

    “WARNING: The right of the holder of this receipt to obtain delivery of the grain described in the receipt may be altered by the issuer by notice to the last holder known to the issuer. Every holder of a receipt should immediately notify the issuer of their name and address.

    AVERTISSEMENT : L’exploitant qui a délivré le récépissé peut, par avis au dernier détenteur connu, modifier le droit de celui-ci d’obtenir livraison du grain faisant l’objet du récépissé. Les nouveaux détenteurs doivent lui communiquer sans délai leurs nom et adresse.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 65
  • 1994, c. 45, s. 17
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 367

Marginal note:Waiver

  •  (1) The holder of an elevator receipt issued by the operator of a licensed primary elevator may, in writing in prescribed form on the receipt, waive the right to demand the delivery from the elevator of the grain referred to in the receipt.

  • Marginal note:Subsequent holders

    (2) The rights of subsequent holders of an elevator receipt referred to in subsection (1) are subject to a waiver given pursuant to that subsection.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 7, s. 54

Marginal note:Discharge of grain from primary elevator

  •  (1) Subject to section 86, the operator of a licensed primary elevator shall without delay discharge into a conveyance referred to in paragraph (b), to the extent of the conveyance’s capacity, the identical grain or grain of the same kind, grade and quantity that any elevator receipt issued by the operator requires if the holder of the receipt who is entitled to the delivery of grain referred to in that receipt

    • (a) may lawfully deliver the grain to a terminal elevator or process elevator or to a consignee at a destination other than an elevator; and

    • (b) has caused to be placed at the elevator, to transport the grain, a railway car or other conveyance that is capable of receiving grain discharged out of the elevator and to which the grain may lawfully be delivered.

  • Marginal note:Movement of grain forward

    (2) Forthwith on the loading of a conveyance at a licensed primary elevator pursuant to subsection (1), the operator of the elevator shall, if so requested by the holder of the elevator receipt for the grain so loaded,

    • (a) cause the conveyance to be billed to such elevator or consignee as the holder may have lawfully directed; and

    • (b) on surrender of the elevator receipt and payment of the charges accrued under this Act in respect of the grain, deliver the receipt of the consignee or such other receipt as may be prescribed to the person who surrendered the elevator receipt.

  • R.S., 1985, c. G-10, s. 67
  • 2012, c. 31, s. 368

Marginal note:Purchase of elevator receipt by operator

 Where an operator of a licensed primary elevator who has issued an elevator receipt for grain purchases the receipt, the operator shall issue to the holder of the receipt, on the surrender of the receipt, a cash purchase ticket for the purchase price.

  • 1970-71-72, c. 7, s. 56
 
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