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Extradition Act (S.C. 1999, c. 18)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2022-11-16 and last amended on 2005-07-19. Previous Versions

PART 2Extradition from Canada (continued)

Waiver of Extradition

Marginal note:Waiving extradition

  •  (1) A person may, at any time after arrest or appearance, waive extradition in writing and before a judge.

  • Marginal note:Judge to inform person

    (2) A judge before whom a person gives a waiver under subsection (1) must inform the person

    • (a) of the consequences of the waiver including the consequences of waiving the protection of specialty; and

    • (b) that they will be conveyed without delay to the extradition partner.

  • Marginal note:Judge to order conveyance

    (3) The judge shall

    • (a) order the conveyance in custody of the person to the extradition partner; and

    • (b) transmit a copy of the waiver and the order to the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Conveyance order

    (4) The conveyance order must

    • (a) contain the name of the person who is to be conveyed; and

    • (b) state the extradition partner to which the person is to be conveyed.

Marginal note:Escape

  •  (1) If the person escapes while in custody for conveyance, the law that applies with respect to a person who is accused or convicted of a crime against the laws of Canada and who escapes applies with respect to the person.

  • Marginal note:Arrest

    (2) If the person escapes while in custody for conveyance, the person in whose custody the person is has the power to arrest them in fresh pursuit.

Transit

Marginal note:Transit

  •  (1) The Minister may consent to the transit in Canada of a person surrendered by one State or entity to another, subject to any terms and conditions that the Minister considers appropriate.

  • Marginal note:Consent to transit

    (2) A consent to transit constitutes authority to the officer of the surrendering State or entity or the receiving State or entity to keep the person in custody while in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Sections to apply

    (3) Sections 58 (contents of surrender order), 60 (power to convey), 61 (escape) and 69 (remedy in case of delay) apply, with any modifications that the circumstances require, in respect of the consent to transit.

Marginal note:Special authorization

  •  (1) The Minister may, in order to give effect to a request for consent to transit, authorize a person in a State or entity who is inadmissible under the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act to come into Canada at a place designated by the Minister and to go to and remain in a place in Canada so designated for the period specified by the Minister. The Minister may make the authorization subject to any conditions that the Minister considers desirable.

  • Marginal note:Variation of authorization

    (2) The Minister may vary the terms of an authorization granted under subsection (1) and, in particular, may extend the period of time during which the person is authorized to remain in a place in Canada.

  • Marginal note:Non-compliance with conditions of authorization

    (3) A person in respect of whom an authorization is granted under subsection (1) and who is found in a place in Canada other than the place designated in the authorization or in any place in Canada after the expiry of the period of time specified in the authorization or who fails to comply with some other condition of the authorization is, for the purposes of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act, deemed to be a person who entered Canada as a temporary resident and remains in Canada after the period authorized for their stay.

  • 1999, c. 18, s. 75
  • 2001, c. 27, s. 252

Marginal note:Unscheduled landing

 If a person being extradited or surrendered from one State or entity to another arrives in Canada without prior consent to transit, a peace officer may, at the request of a public officer who has custody of the person while the person is being conveyed,

  • (a) if the person is being surrendered to the International Criminal Court, hold the person in custody for a maximum period of 96 hours pending receipt by the Minister of a request for a consent to transit from that Court; or

  • (b) in any other case, hold the person in custody for a maximum period of 24 hours pending receipt by the Minister of a request for a consent to transit from the requesting State or entity.

  • 1999, c. 18, s. 76
  • 2000, c. 24, s. 53

PART 3Extradition to Canada

Marginal note:Definition of competent authority

 In this Part, competent authority means

  • (a) in respect of a prosecution or imposition of a sentence — or of a disposition under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985 — the Attorney General, or the Attorney General of a province who is responsible for the prosecution of the case; and

  • (b) in respect of the enforcement of a sentence or a disposition under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985,

    • (i) the Minister of Public Safety and Emergency Preparedness, if the person would serve the sentence in a penitentiary, or

    • (ii) the appropriate provincial minister responsible for corrections, in any other case.

  • 1999, c. 18, s. 77
  • 2002, c. 1, s. 191
  • 2005, c. 10, s. 34

Marginal note:Request by Canada for extradition

  •  (1) The Minister, at the request of a competent authority, may make a request to a State or entity for the extradition of a person for the purpose of prosecuting the person for — or imposing or enforcing a sentence, or making or enforcing a disposition under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, in respect of — an offence over which Canada has jurisdiction.

  • Marginal note:Request for provisional arrest

    (2) The Minister, at the request of a competent authority, may make a request to a State or entity for the provisional arrest of the person.

  • 1999, c. 18, s. 78
  • 2002, c. 1, s. 192

Marginal note:Order in respect of evidence

  •  (1) A judge may, for the purposes of acquiring evidence for a request for extradition, on the ex parte application of a competent authority, make any order that is necessary to

    • (a) secure the attendance of a witness at any place designated by the judge;

    • (b) secure the production as evidence of data that is recorded in any form;

    • (c) receive and record the evidence; and

    • (d) certify or authenticate the evidence in a manner and form that is required by the requested State or entity.

  • Marginal note:Part XXII of the Criminal Code to apply

    (2) Part XXII of the Criminal Code applies, with any modifications that the circumstances require, to orders under subsection (1).

Marginal note:Specialty if person is in Canada

 Subject to a relevant extradition agreement, a person who has been extradited to Canada by a requested State or entity shall not, unless the person has voluntarily left Canada after surrender or has had a reasonable opportunity of leaving Canada,

  • (a) be detained or prosecuted, or have a sentence imposed or executed, or a disposition made or executed under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, in Canada in respect of an offence that is alleged to have been committed, or was committed, before surrender other than

    • (i) the offence in respect of which the person was surrendered or an included offence,

    • (ii) another offence in respect of which the requested State or entity consents to the person being detained or prosecuted, or

    • (iii) another offence in respect of which the person consents to being detained or prosecuted; or

  • (b) be detained in Canada for the purpose of being surrendered to another State or entity for prosecution or for imposition or execution of a sentence in respect of an offence that is alleged to have been committed, or was committed, before surrender to Canada, unless the requested State or entity consents.

  • 1999, c. 18, s. 80
  • 2002, c. 1, s. 193

Marginal note:Conveyance of surrendered person

  •  (1) A person who is surrendered to Canada by a requested State or entity may be brought into Canada by an agent of the requested State or entity if the Minister so authorizes and be delivered to an appropriate authority to be dealt with according to law.

  • Marginal note:Power to convey

    (2) On the execution of a surrender order, the authorized agent of the requested State or entity shall have the authority to hold the person in custody in Canada until delivery under subsection (1).

  • Marginal note:Escape

    (3) If the person escapes while in custody, the law that applies with respect to a person who is accused or convicted of a crime against the laws of Canada and who escapes applies with respect to the person.

  • Marginal note:Arrest

    (4) If the person escapes, the authorized agent of the requested State or entity has the power to arrest them in fresh pursuit.

Marginal note:Order of detention for temporary surrender

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), a judge shall, on application of the competent authority made at any time before the temporary surrender, order the detention in custody of a person who is serving a term of imprisonment or has otherwise lawfully been deprived of their liberty in a requested State or entity and whose temporary surrender Canada has requested for the purpose of prosecution or appeal.

  • Marginal note:Time limit

    (2) The order must contain a provision that the person will not be detained in custody after

    • (a) a date specified in the order;

    • (b) in the case of surrender for a trial, 45 days after the completion of the trial; or

    • (c) in the case of surrender for an appeal, 30 days after the completion of the proceedings for which the presence of the person was required.

  • Marginal note:Order of detention to prevail

    (3) An order made under subsection (1) prevails over an order made by a Canadian court, a judge of a Canadian court, a Canadian justice of the peace or any other person who has power in Canada to compel the appearance of a person, in respect of anything that occurred before the person is transferred to Canada.

  • Marginal note:Variation of detention order

    (4) The judge who made the detention order or another judge may vary its terms and conditions and, in particular, may extend the duration of the detention.

  • Marginal note:Return

    (5) Subject to subsection (6), the person shall be returned to the requested State or entity on completion of the proceedings in Canada for which the person was temporarily surrendered or on the expiry of the period set out in the order, whichever is sooner.

  • Marginal note:Return if right of appeal

    (6) The person shall not be returned to the requested State or entity

    • (a) if the person has been convicted in Canada, before 30 days after the conviction, unless the person or the competent authority declares that there will be no appeal; and

    • (b) if the person has been acquitted, before 30 days after the acquittal, unless the competent authority declares that there will be no appeal.

  • Marginal note:Return for appeal

    (7) The court of appeal may, on application, recommend that the Minister request another temporary surrender of a person who has been returned to the requested State or entity after trial, if the court of appeal is satisfied that the interests of justice require their presence for the appeal.

Marginal note:Commencement of sentence

  •  (1) Subject to subsection (3), the sentence or disposition of a person who has been temporarily surrendered and who has been convicted and sentenced, or found guilty and sentenced, in Canada, or in respect of whom a disposition has been made under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, does not commence until their final extradition to Canada.

  • Marginal note:Warrant of committal

    (2) The warrant of committal issued under the Criminal Code in respect of the person must state that the person is to be committed to custody to serve the sentence or disposition immediately on their final extradition to Canada.

  • Marginal note:If concurrent sentences ordered

    (3) The sentencing judge may order that the person’s sentence, or the disposition under the Young Offenders Act, chapter Y-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1985, be executed concurrently with the sentence they are serving in the requested State or entity, in which case the warrant of committal or order of disposition shall state that the person is to be committed to custody under subsection (2) only for any portion of the sentence or disposition remaining at the time of their final extradition to Canada.

  • 1999, c. 18, s. 83
  • 2002, c. 1, s. 194

PART 4Transitional Provisions, Consequential and Related Amendments and Repeals

Transitional Provisions

Marginal note:Cases pending — former Extradition Act

 The Extradition Act repealed by section 129 of this Act applies to a matter respecting the extradition of a person as though it had not been repealed, if the hearing in respect of the extradition had already begun on the day on which this Act comes into force.

Marginal note:Cases pending — Fugitive Offenders Act

 The Fugitive Offenders Act repealed by section 130 of this Act applies to a matter respecting the return under that Act of a person as though it had not been repealed, if the hearing before the provincial court judge in respect of the return had already begun on the day on which this Act comes into force.

Consequential Amendments

 [Amendments]

Related Amendments

 [Amendments]

Repeals

 [Repeals]

 
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