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Broadcasting Act (S.C. 1991, c. 11)

Full Document:  

Act current to 2024-05-14 and last amended on 2023-06-22. Previous Versions

PART IIObjects and Powers of the Commission in Relation to Broadcasting (continued)

General Powers (continued)

Marginal note:Inquiries

  •  (1) The Commission may inquire into, hear and determine a matter if it appears to the Commission that

    • (a) any person is contravening or has contravened this Part or any regulation, licence, decision or order made or issued by the Commission under this Part;

    • (b) any person is contravening or has contravened section 34.1;

    • (c) any person is contravening or has contravened sections 42 to 44 of the Accessible Canada Act; or

    • (d) the circumstances may require the Commission to make any decision or order or to give any approval that it is authorized to make or give under this Part or under any regulation or order made under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Mandatory orders

    (2) The Commission may, by order, require any person to do, without delay or within or at any time and in any manner specified by the Commission, any act or thing that the person is or may be required to do under this Part, under any regulation, licence, decision or order made or issued by the Commission under this Part or under any of sections 42 to 44 of the Accessible Canada Act and may, by order, forbid the doing or continuing of any act or thing that is contrary to this Part, to any such regulation, licence, decision or order, to section 34.1 or to any of sections 42 to 44 of the Accessible Canada Act.

  • Marginal note:Referral to Commission

    (3) Where an inquiry under subsection (1) is heard by a panel established under subsection 20(1) and the panel issues an order pursuant to subsection (2) of this section, any person who is affected by the order may, within thirty days after the making thereof, apply to the Commission to reconsider any decision or finding made by the panel, and the Commission may rescind or vary any order or decision made by the panel or may re-hear any matter before deciding it.

Marginal note:Enforcement of mandatory orders

  •  (1) Any order made under subsection 12(2) may be made an order of the Federal Court or of any superior court of a province and is enforceable in the same manner as an order of the court.

  • Marginal note:Procedure

    (2) To make an order under subsection 12(2) an order of a court, the usual practice and procedure of the court in such matters may be followed or, in lieu thereof, the Commission may file with the registrar of the court a certified copy of the order, and thereupon the order becomes an order of the court.

  • Marginal note:Effect of variation or rescission

    (3) Where an order that has been made an order of a court is rescinded or varied by a subsequent order of the Commission, the order of the court shall be deemed to have been cancelled and the subsequent order may, in the same manner, be made an order of the court.

Marginal note:Research

  •  (1) The Commission may undertake, sponsor, promote or assist in research relating to any matter within its jurisdiction under this Act and in so doing it shall, wherever appropriate, utilize technical, economic and statistical information and advice from the Corporation or departments or agencies of the Government of Canada.

  • Marginal note:Review of technical matters

    (2) The Commission shall review and consider any technical matter relating to broadcasting referred to the Commission by the Minister and shall make recommendations to the Minister with respect thereto.

Marginal note:Hearings and reports

  •  (1) The Commission shall, on request of the Governor in Council, hold hearings or make reports on any matter within the jurisdiction of the Commission under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (2) The Minister shall consult with the Commission with regard to any request proposed to be made by the Governor in Council under subsection (1).

Marginal note:Powers respecting hearings

 The Commission has, in respect of any hearing under this Part, with regard to the attendance, swearing and examination of witnesses at the hearing, the production and inspection of documents, the enforcement of its orders, the entry and inspection of property and other matters necessary or proper in relation to the hearing, all such powers, rights and privileges as are vested in a superior court of record.

Marginal note:Authority re questions of fact or law

 The Commission has authority to determine questions of fact or law in relation to any matter within its jurisdiction under this Act.

Hearings and Procedure

Marginal note:Where public hearing required

  •  (1) Except where otherwise provided, the Commission shall hold a public hearing in connection with

    • (a) the issue of a licence, other than a licence to carry on a temporary network operation;

    • (b) the suspension or revocation of a licence;

    • (c) the establishing of any performance objectives for the purposes of paragraphs 11(2)(b) and 11.1(6)(b); and

    • (d) the making of an order under subsection 12(2).

  • Marginal note:Public hearings — specific matters

    (2) The Commission shall also hold a public hearing in connection with the following matters unless it is satisfied that such a hearing is not required in the public interest:

    • (a) the amendment or renewal of a licence;

    • (b) the making of an order under subsection 9.1(1) or 11.1(2); and

    • (c) the making of any regulation under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Where public hearing in Commission’s discretion

    (3) The Commission may hold a public hearing, make a report, issue any decision and give any approval in connection with any complaint or representation made to the Commission or in connection with any other matter within its jurisdiction under this Act if it is satisfied that it would be in the public interest to do so.

  • Marginal note:Place of hearing

    (4) A public hearing under this section may be held at such place in Canada as the Chairperson of the Commission may designate.

Marginal note:Notice of hearing

 The Commission shall cause notice of

  • (a) any application received by it for the issue, amendment or renewal of a licence, other than a licence to carry on a temporary network operation,

  • (b) any decision made by it to issue, amend or renew a licence, and

  • (c) any public hearing to be held by it under section 18

to be published in the Canada Gazette and in one or more newspapers of general circulation within any area affected or likely to be affected by the application, decision or matter to which the public hearing relates.

Marginal note:Panels of Commission

  •  (1) The Chairperson of the Commission may establish panels, each consisting of not fewer than three members of the Commission, to deal with, hear and determine any matter on behalf of the Commission.

  • Marginal note:Appointments by Chairperson

    (1.1) The Chairperson of the Commission may appoint members of the Commission to a panel if it is determined that the panel would otherwise have fewer than three members.

  • Marginal note:Exception — conflict of interest

    (1.2) Members of the Commission may participate in any panel, unless this participation would place them in a conflict of interest.

  • Marginal note:Powers

    (2) A panel that is established under subsection (1) has and may exercise all the powers and may perform all the duties and functions of the Commission in relation to any matter before the panel.

  • Marginal note:Decision

    (3) A decision of a majority of the members of a panel established under subsection (1) is a decision of the panel.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (4) The members of a panel established under subsection (1) shall consult with the Commission, and may consult with any officer of the Commission, for the purpose of ensuring a consistency of interpretation of the broadcasting policy set out in subsection 3(1), the regulatory policy set out in subsection 5(2), the orders made under section 9.1, the regulations made under sections 10 and 11 and the regulations and orders made under section 11.1.

Marginal note:Rules

 The Commission may make rules

  • (a) respecting the procedure for making applications for licences, or for the amendment, renewal, suspension or revocation thereof, and for making representations and complaints to the Commission; and

  • (b) respecting the conduct of hearings and generally respecting the conduct of the business of the Commission in relation to those hearings.

Licences

Marginal note:Conditions governing issue, amendment and renewal

  •  (1) No licence shall be issued, amended or renewed under this Part

    • (a) if the issue, amendment or renewal of the licence is in contravention of a direction to the Commission issued by the Governor in Council under subsection 26(1); and

    • (b) subject to subsection (2), unless the Minister of Industry certifies to the Commission that the applicant for the issue, amendment or renewal of the licence

      • (i) has satisfied the requirements of the Radiocommunication Act and the regulations made under that Act, and

      • (ii) has been or will be issued a broadcasting certificate with respect to the radio apparatus that the applicant would be entitled to operate under the licence.

  • Marginal note:Exception

    (2) The requirement set out in paragraph (1)(b) does not apply in respect of radio apparatus, or any class thereof, prescribed under paragraph 6(1)(m) of the Radiocommunication Act.

  • Marginal note:Suspension or revocation of broadcasting certificate

    (3) No licence is of any force or effect during any period when the broadcasting certificate issued under the Radiocommunication Act with respect to the radio apparatus that the holder of the licence is entitled to operate under that Act is suspended or revoked.

  • Marginal note:Issue, etc., contravening this section

    (4) Any licence issued, amended or renewed in contravention of this section is of no force or effect.

  • 1991, c. 11, s. 22
  • 1995, c. 1, s. 31

Marginal note:Consultation between Commission and Corporation

  •  (1) The Commission shall, at the request of the Corporation, consult with the Corporation with regard to any conditions that the Commission proposes to impose under subsection 9.1(1) — or with regard to any regulation or order that the Commission proposes to make under section 11.1 — that would apply with respect to the Corporation.

  • Marginal note:Reference to Minister

    (2) If, despite the consultation provided for in subsection (1), the Commission imposes any condition, or makes any regulation or order, referred to in subsection (1) that the Corporation is satisfied would unreasonably impede the Corporation in providing the programming contemplated by paragraphs 3(1)(l) and (m), the Corporation may, within 30 days after the condition is imposed or the regulation or order is made, refer the condition, regulation or order to the Minister for consideration.

  • Marginal note:Ministerial directive

    (3) Subject to subsection (4), the Minister may, within 90 days after a condition, regulation or order is referred to the Minister under subsection (2), issue to the Commission a written directive with respect to the condition, regulation or order and the Commission shall comply with any such directive issued by the Minister.

  • Marginal note:Consultation

    (4) The Minister shall consult with the Commission and with the Corporation before issuing a directive under subsection (3).

  • Marginal note:Publication and tabling of directive

    (5) A directive issued by the Minister under subsection (3) shall be published forthwith in the Canada Gazette and shall be laid before each House of Parliament on any of the first fifteen days on which that House is sitting after the directive is issued.

Marginal note:Conditions governing suspension and revocation

  •  (1) No licence shall be suspended or revoked under this Part unless the licensee applies for or consents to the suspension or revocation or, in any other case, unless, after a public hearing in accordance with section 18, the Commission is satisfied that

    • (a) the licensee has contravened any order made under subsection 9.1(1), 11.1(2) or 12(2) or any regulation made under this Part; or

    • (b) the licence was, at any time within the two years immediately preceding the date of publication in the Canada Gazette of the notice of the public hearing, held by a person to whom the licence could not have been issued at that time by virtue of a direction to the Commission issued by the Governor in Council under this Act.

  • Marginal note:Licences of Corporation

    (2) No licence issued to the Corporation that is referred to in the schedule may be suspended or revoked under this Part except on application of or with the consent of the Corporation.

  • Marginal note:Publication of decision

    (3) A copy of a decision of the Commission relating to the suspension or revocation of a licence, together with written reasons for the decision, shall, forthwith after the making of the decision, be forwarded by prepaid registered mail to all persons who were heard at or made any oral representations in connection with the hearing held under subsection (1), and a summary of the decision and of the reasons for the decision shall, at the same time, be published in the Canada Gazette and in one or more newspapers of general circulation within any area affected or likely to be affected by the decision.

Marginal note:Report of contravention by Corporation

  •  (1) If the Commission is satisfied, after a public hearing on the matter, that the Corporation has contravened section 31.1, any order made under subsection 9.1(1), 11.1(2) or 12(2) or any regulation made under this Part, the Commission shall forward to the Minister a report setting out the circumstances of the contravention, the findings of the Commission and any observations or recommendations of the Commission in connection with the contravention.

  • Marginal note:Report to be tabled

    (2) The Minister shall cause a copy of the report referred to in subsection (1) to be laid before each House of Parliament on any of the first fifteen days on which that House is sitting after the report is received by the Minister.

 

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