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Canadian Aviation Regulations

Version of section 604.49 from 2019-05-15 to 2022-09-11:


 Despite paragraph 602.126(1)(b),

  • (a) a pilot-in-command may conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator when the reported RVR is at least 1,200 feet or the reported ground visibility is at least one quarter of a statute mile if

    • (i) the private operator is authorized to do so under a special authorization,

    • (ii) the aircraft is operated by at least two flight crew members,

    • (iii) the flight plan filed for the flight specifies a take-off alternate aerodrome that

      • (A) in the case of a twin-engined aircraft, is within the distance that can be flown in 60 minutes at normal cruising speed, or

      • (B) in the case of an aircraft with three or more engines, is within the distance that can be flown in 120 minutes at normal cruising speed,

    • (iv) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have received the following training for which the validity period has not expired:

      • (A) take-off alternate aerodrome requirements,

      • (B) pilot-in-command experience requirements,

      • (C) pilot-in-command responsibility for visibility and obstacle clearance requirements, and

      • (D) minimum aircraft and runway equipment requirements,

    • (v) the pilot-in-command

      • (A) identifies any obstructions that may be in the take-off path,

      • (B) determines — using the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual — that the aircraft is, with the critical engine inoperative, able to

        • (I) safely clear those obstructions, and

        • (II) maintain at least the minimum enroute altitude to the take-off alternate aerodrome, and

      • (C) verifies that the RVR is at least 1,200 feet or the ground visibility is at least one quarter of a statute mile,

    • (vi) the runway is equipped with high-intensity runway lights, or runway centre line lights, that are serviceable and functioning and that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run, or with runway centre line markings that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run,

    • (vii) the pilot-in-command and second-in-command attitude indicators provide a clear depiction of total aircraft attitude that includes the incorporation of pitch attitude index lines in appropriate increments up to 15° above and 15° below the reference line,

    • (viii) failure warning systems to immediately detect failures and malfunctions in attitude indicators, directional gyros and horizontal situation indicators are operative, and

    • (ix) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have demonstrated to the private operator the ability to operate the aircraft in accordance with this paragraph; and

  • (b) a pilot-in-command may conduct a take-off in an aircraft operated by a private operator when the reported RVR is at least 600 feet if

    • (i) the private operator is authorized to do so under a special authorization,

    • (ii) the aircraft is operated by at least two flight crew members,

    • (iii) the flight plan filed for the flight specifies a take-off alternate aerodrome that

      • (A) in the case of a twin-engined aircraft, is within the distance that can be flown in 60 minutes at normal cruising speed, or

      • (B) in the case of an aircraft with three or more engines, is within the distance that can be flown in 120 minutes at normal cruising speed,

    • (iv) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have received the following training for which the validity period has not expired:

      • (A) ground training in

        • (I) take-off alternate aerodrome requirements,

        • (II) pilot-in-command experience requirements,

        • (III) pilot-in-command responsibility for visibility and obstacle clearance requirements, and

        • (IV) minimum aircraft and runway equipment requirements, and

      • (B) level C or D flight simulator training that includes

        • (I) one completed take-off at an RVR of 600 feet, and

        • (II) one rejected take-off, at an RVR of 600 feet, that includes an engine failure,

    • (v) the pilot-in-command

      • (A) identifies any obstructions that may be in the take-off path,

      • (B) determines — using the aircraft performance data and limitations specified in the aircraft flight manual — that the aircraft is, with the critical engine inoperative, able to

        • (I) safely clear those obstructions, and

        • (II) maintain at least the minimum enroute altitude to the take-off alternate aerodrome, and

      • (C) verifies that the RVR is at least 600 feet,

    • (vi) the runway is equipped

      • (A) with high-intensity runway lights, and runway centre line lights, that are serviceable and functioning and that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run, and with runway centre line markings that are visible to the pilot throughout the take-off run, and

      • (B) with two RVR sensors that each show an RVR of at least 600 feet, one sensor being situated at the approach end of the runway and the other at

        • (I) the mid-point of the runway, or

        • (II) the departure end of the runway, if the runway is equipped with three RVR sensors and the sensor situated at the mid-point is not serviceable,

    • (vii) the pilot-in-command and second-in-command attitude indicators provide a clear depiction of total aircraft attitude that includes the incorporation of pitch attitude index lines in appropriate increments up to 15° above and 15° below the reference line,

    • (viii) failure warning systems to immediately detect failures and malfunctions in attitude indicators, directional gyros and horizontal situation indicators are operative, and

    • (ix) the pilot-in-command and, if the operations manual provides that the second-in-command may conduct the take-off, the second-in-command have demonstrated to the private operator the ability to operate the aircraft in accordance with this paragraph.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 18
  • SOR/2019-122, s. 5
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