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Canadian Aviation Regulations

Version of section 602.115 from 2014-05-29 to 2022-09-11:


 No person shall operate an aircraft in VFR flight within uncontrolled airspace unless

  • (a) the aircraft is operated with visual reference to the surface;

  • (b) where the aircraft is operated at or above 1,000 feet AGL

    • (i) during the day, flight visibility is not less than one mile,

    • (ii) during the night, flight visibility is not less than three miles, and

    • (iii) in either case, the distance of the aircraft from cloud is not less than 500 feet vertically and 2,000 feet horizontally;

  • (c) where the aircraft is not a helicopter and is operated at less than 1,000 feet AGL

    • (i) during the day, flight visibility is not less than two miles, except if otherwise authorized in an air operator certificate,

    • (ii) during the night, flight visibility is not less than three miles, and

    • (iii) in either case, the aircraft is operated clear of cloud; and

  • (d) where the aircraft is a helicopter and is operated at less than 1,000 feet AGL

    • (i) during the day, flight visibility is not less than one mile, except if otherwise authorized in an air operator certificate or a flight training unit operator certificate — helicopter,

    • (ii) during the night, flight visibility is not less than three miles, and

    • (iii) in either case, the aircraft is operated clear of cloud.

  • SOR/2014-131, s. 14
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