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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2019-07-01 and last amended on 2019-06-28. Previous Versions

Part X — Greenhouse Gas Emissions from International Aviation — CORSIA (continued)

Division I — General (continued)

Application

  •  (1) This Part applies to Canadian private operators and Canadian air operators that produce — from the use of one or more large aeroplanes — more than 10 000 tonnes of CO2 emissions from international flights between two contracting states during a calendar year.

  • (2) For the purposes of subsection (1), the emissions are calculated in accordance with section 1000.03.

  • (3) For the purposes of this Part

    • (a) international flights are attributed to an operator in accordance with 1.1.3 of Chapter 1 of Part 2 of CORSIA; and

    • (b) the flight departure time (UTC) determines the calendar year to which a flight belongs.

  • (4) The following flights are exempt from the application of subsection (1):

    • (a) humanitarian flights;

    • (b) medical evacuation flights;

    • (c) fire-fighting flights; and

    • (d) positioning flights required in relation to the flights referred to in paragraphs (a) to (c).

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

Calculation Method

  •  (1) CO2 emissions must be determined using the following formula and expressed in tonnes:

    ΣfMf xFCFf

    where

    Mf
    is the mass of fuel f used, expressed in tonnes and calculated according to one of the following methods:
    • (a) a method described in any of 2.2 to 2.6 of Appendix 2 of CORSIA, except 2.6.2.2 and subject to subsection (2); or

    • (b) a method described in 2.1.3 or 2.1.4 of Appendix 3 of CORSIA; and

    FCFf
    is the fuel conversion factor of given fuel f, expressed in kg CO2/kg fuel, equal to
    • (a) 3.16 for Jet-A and Jet-A1 fuels; or

    • (b) 3.10 for aviation gasoline (AvGas) or Jet-B fuel.

  • (2) For the purposes of 2.2.2 and 2.3.2 of Appendix 2 of CORSIA, if a flight is operated by a private operator or air operator on behalf of another private operator or air operator, the latter shall ensure that the fuel measurement values calculated according to the Block-off/Block-on method are provided to it and taken into account in its calculations.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

[1000.04 to 1000.09 reserved]

Division II — Monitoring, Reporting and Verification

Emissions Monitoring Plan

  •  (1) A private operator or an air operator shall submit to the Minister for approval an emissions monitoring plan for its international flights between contracting states that are conducted using one or more large aeroplanes and the plan shall contain the information referred to in section 2 of Appendix 4 of CORSIA, without regard to the note under the heading of section 2 and excluding the information referred to in 2.1.2(c), 2.2.7 and 2.3.2.

  • (2) The private operator or air operator shall choose one of the following monitoring methods:

    • (a) a method described in Appendix 2 or 3 of CORSIA, if the annual CO2 emissions are less than 500 000 tonnes; or

    • (b) a method described in Appendix 2 of CORSIA, if the annual CO2 emissions are equal to or greater than 500 000 tonnes.

  • (3) The private operator or air operator shall submit the emissions monitoring plan to the Minister by the earlier of the following dates:

    • (a) February 28, 2019, and

    • (b) 90 days after the day on which the operator becomes subject to this Part.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

Approval

 The Minister shall approve the emissions monitoring plan if

  • (a) the information required by subsection 1000.10(1) is provided;

  • (b) a monitoring method has been chosen from those described in Appendix 2 or 3 of CORSIA and the requirements related to that method have been met; and

  • (c) the information provided under 2.2.3, 2.2.4, 2.2.5, 2.2.8, 2.4, and 2.3.1.1 or 2.3.1.2, of Appendix 4 of CORSIA is consistent with the chosen monitoring method.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

Amendment

  •  (1) If any of the information referred to in paragraph 1000.11(c) is amended, the private operator or air operator shall submit its amended emissions monitoring plan to the Minister for approval before it is implemented.

  • (2) If there is a change to any of the following information, the private operator or air operator shall send the updated information to the Minister without delay:

    • (a) information in 2.1.1 of Appendix 4 of CORSIA relating to the name and address of the private operator or air operator; or

    • (b) information in 2.1.5 of Appendix 4 of CORSIA relating to the contact information of the person responsible for the emissions monitoring plan.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

Monitoring

  •  (1) A private operator or an air operator shall implement their approved emissions monitoring plan for each calendar year.

  • (2) The private operator or air operator shall use the method approved in its emissions monitoring plan for at least 2019 and 2020.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

Data gaps

  •  (1) A private operator or an air operator that uses a monitoring method described in Appendix 2 of CORSIA shall not have data gaps related to fuel quantities in respect of more than 5% of its flights.

  • (2) If the data gaps exceed the 5% threshold, the private operator or air operator shall, within three months after the day on which it becomes aware that the threshold has been exceeded,

    • (a) notify the Minister of the reasons for the gaps;

    • (b) take corrective measures; and

    • (c) fill in the gaps using one of the methods described in Appendix 2 of CORSIA that shall be pre-approved by the Minister if the requirements related to that method are met.

  • (3) If the data gaps do not exceed the 5% threshold, a private operator or an air operator shall

    • (a) use one of the methods described in Appendix 3 of CORSIA to fill the gaps before submitting the emissions report referred to in section 1000.20; and

    • (b) take corrective measures.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

[1000.15 to 1000.19 reserved]

Reporting and Verification

  •  (1) A private operator or an air operator shall submit to the Minister, no later than May 31 following the calendar year during which the monitoring of emissions was carried out,

    • (a) a verified emissions report containing the information specified in Table A5-1 of Appendix 5 of CORSIA, without regard to the note preceding the Table and excluding the information contained in

      • (i) 7.b of Field 7,

      • (ii) 8.b of Field 8,

      • (iii) 11.b of Field 11, and

      • (iv) Field 12; and

    • (b) the associated verification report containing the information indicated at 3.10 of Appendix 6 of CORSIA, except 3.10.1(p) and 3.10.2.

  • (2) The private operator or air operator shall ensure that the verification body submits to the Minister, with the operator’s prior authorization, the verified emissions report and the associated verification report no later than May 31 following the calendar year during which the monitoring of emissions was carried out.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2

Verification Body

  •  (1) A private operator or an air operator shall select a verification body that

    • (a) is accredited by a national accreditation body that is a member of the International Accreditation Forum and that is working in accordance with 2.4.2.2 of Chapter 2 of Part 2 of CORSIA; and

    • (b) meets the requirements set out in section 2 of Appendix 6 of CORSIA.

  • (2) The private operator or air operator shall ensure that the verification of the emissions report is carried out in accordance with the requirements set out in section 3 of Appendix 6 of CORSIA, except 3.11.

  • SOR/2018-240, s. 2
 
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