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Canadian Aviation Regulations (SOR/96-433)

Regulations are current to 2020-07-15 and last amended on 2020-07-08. Previous Versions

Part VII — Commercial Air Services (continued)

Subpart 5 — Airline Operations (continued)

Division III — Flight Operations (continued)

Maintenance of Aircraft

 No air operator shall permit a person to conduct a take-off in an aircraft that has not been maintained in accordance with the air operator’s maintenance control system.

Checklist
  •  (1) Every air operator shall establish the checklist referred to in paragraph 602.60(1)(a) for each aircraft type that it operates and shall make the appropriate parts of the checklist readily available to the crew members.

  • (2) Every crew member shall follow the checklist referred to in subsection (1) in the performance of the crew member’s assigned duties.

Fuel Requirements
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no air operator shall authorize a flight and no person shall commence a flight unless the aircraft

    • (a) when operating in VFR flight, carries sufficient fuel to fly to the destination aerodrome and thereafter to fly for 45 minutes at normal cruising speed;

    • (b) when operating in IFR flight on designated routes or over designated areas as defined in the Commercial Air Service Standards, carries an enroute fuel reserve of five per cent of the fuel required to fly to the destination aerodrome; and

    • (c) when operating in IFR flight, except when complying with the Safety Criteria for Approval of Extended Range Twin-engine Operations (ETOPS) Manual, carries sufficient fuel to allow the aircraft

      • (i) to descend at any point along the route to the lower of

        • (A) the one-engine-inoperative service ceiling, or

        • (B) 10,000 feet ASL,

      • (ii) to cruise at the altitude referred to in subparagraph (i) to a suitable aerodrome,

      • (iii) to conduct an approach and a missed approach, and

      • (iv) to hold for 30 minutes at an altitude of 1,500 feet above the elevation of the aerodrome selected in accordance with subparagraph (ii).

  • (2) An air operator may be authorized in an air operator certificate to reduce the enroute fuel reserve required by paragraph (1)(b) where the air operator complies with the Commercial Air Service Standards.

Extended Range Twin-engined Operations
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), no air operator shall operate a twin-engined aeroplane on a route containing a point that is farther from an adequate aerodrome than the distance that can be flown in 60 minutes at the one-engine-inoperative cruise speed, unless the flight is conducted wholly within Canadian Domestic Airspace.

  • (2) An air operator may operate an aeroplane on a route referred to in subsection (1) where

    • (a) the aeroplane is turbine-powered;

    • (b) the air operator is authorized to do so in its air operator certificate; and

    • (c) the air operator complies with the Safety Criteria for Approval of Extended Range Twin-engine Operations (ETOPS) Manual.

Admission to Flight Deck
  •  (1) Where a Department of Transport air carrier inspector presents an official identity card to the pilot-in-command of an aircraft, the pilot-in-command shall give the inspector free and uninterrupted access to the flight deck of the aircraft.

  • (2) An air operator and the pilot-in-command shall make available for the use of the air carrier inspector the observer seat most suitable to perform the inspector’s duties, as determined by the inspector.

  • (3) An air operator shall ensure that only the following persons are admitted to the flight deck of an aircraft:

    • (a) a crew member;

    • (b) an inspector referred to in subsection (1); and

    • (c) a person authorized by the air operator under subsection (4).

  • (4) An air operator shall not authorize a person referred to in column I of the table to this section to access the flight deck of an aircraft operating in domestic service unless the access would not have an adverse effect on aviation safety and the air operator has verified

    • (a) that the person is a person referred to in column I of the table and is employed by an employer referred to in column II of the table; and

    • (b) the identity of the person by examining the document referred to in column III of the table and one of the documents referred to in column IV of the table.

  • (5) An air operator that authorizes access to the flight deck of an aircraft shall keep a record of the following information for two years after the day on which access is authorized:

    • (a) the name of the authorized person;

    • (b) the name of their employer; and

    • (c) the date of the flight and flight number.

  • (6) Before each flight, an air operator shall notify the pilot-in-command of the identity of the persons who the operator has authorized to access the flight deck of an aircraft.

  • (7) Before admitting a person authorized under subsection (4) to the flight deck of an aircraft, the pilot-in-command shall verify the identity of the person by means of the documents referred to in paragraph 4(b).

  • (8) A person authorized under subsection (4) who is admitted to the flight deck of an aircraft may only occupy an observer seat.

  • (9) The pilot-in-command may refuse access to the flight deck of an aircraft if they are of the opinion that there would be an adverse effect on aviation safety.

  • (10) The air operator shall set out, in its company operations manual, procedures respecting

    • (a) the granting of authorization to access the flight deck;

    • (b) the verification required under subsection (4); and

    • (c) the notice to be provided to the pilot-in-command under subsection (6).

    TABLE

    Column IColumn IIColumn IIIColumn IV
    ItemPersonEmployerMandatory Identification DocumentsOther Identification Documents
    1Canadian pilot travelling for positioning or personal reasonsCanadian air operatorValid restricted area identity cardOne of the following valid documents:
    • (a) Passport;
    • (b) Airline transport, commercial or multi-crew pilot licence with a valid medical certificate; or
    • (c) Photo identification issued by the employer
    2Foreign pilot travelling for positioning or for personal reasonsForeign wholly owned subsidiary or code share partner of the air operatorValid piece of photo identification issued by the employerOne of the following valid documents:
    • (a) Passport;
    • (b) Airline transport, commercial or multi-crew pilot licence with a valid Category 1 medical certificate; or
    • (c) Piece of photo identification issued by the foreign government
    3Flight attendant, flight engineer or a person who has expertise related to the aircraft, its equipment or its crew members and who is required to be on the flight deck to provide a service to the air operator
    • (a) Canadian air operator;
    • (b) Foreign wholly owned subsidiary or code share partner of the air operator; or
    • (c) Person providing a service to the air operator
    Valid piece of photo identification issued by the employerOne of the following valid documents:
    • (a) Passport;
    • (b) Restricted area identity card;
    • (c) Flight engineer licence with a valid Category 1 or 2 medical certificate; or
    • (d) Piece of photo identification issued by the foreign state, if the employer is a foreign wholly owned subsidiary or code share partner
    4Air operator employeeAir operator that authorized the access to the flight deckValid piece of photo identification issued by the employerOne of the following valid documents:
    • (a) Passport; or
    • (b) Restricted area identity card
  • SOR/99-158, s. 10
  • SOR/2002-135, s. 1
  • SOR/2020-151, s. 18
 
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