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Proceeds of Crime (Money Laundering) and Terrorist Financing Act (S.C. 2000, c. 17)

Act current to 2024-02-20 and last amended on 2024-01-22. Previous Versions

PART 4.1Notices of Violation, Compliance Agreements and Penalties (continued)

Collection of Penalties (continued)

Marginal note:Interest

 If a person or entity fails to remit a penalty payable under this Part to the Receiver General, the person or entity shall pay to the Receiver General interest on the amount of the penalty. The interest shall be calculated at the prescribed rate for the period beginning on the first day after the day on which the amount was required to be paid and ending on the day on which the amount is paid.

  • 2006, c. 12, s. 40

Marginal note:Garnishment

  •  (1) If the Director is of the opinion that a person or entity is or is about to become liable to make a payment to a person or entity liable to pay a penalty or interest under this Part, the Director may, by written notice, require the first person or entity to pay without delay to the Receiver General, on account of the second person’s or entity’s liability, all or part of the money otherwise payable to the second person or entity.

  • Marginal note:Applicability to future payments

    (2) If the Director requires an employer to pay to the Receiver General money otherwise payable to an employee as remuneration,

    • (a) the requirement is applicable to all future payments of remuneration until the liability is satisfied; and

    • (b) the employer shall pay to the Receiver General out of each payment of remuneration the amount that the Director stipulates in the notice.

  • Marginal note:Discharge of liability

    (3) The receipt of the Director is a good and sufficient discharge of the original liability to the extent of the payment.

  • 2006, c. 12, s. 40

Marginal note:Write-off

  •  (1) The Director may write off in whole or in part a penalty or interest payable by a person or entity under this Part.

  • Marginal note:Effect of write-off

    (2) The writing off of a penalty or interest under this section does not affect any right of Her Majesty to collect or recover the penalty or interest.

  • 2006, c. 12, s. 40

General Provisions

Marginal note:Evidence

 In a proceeding in respect of a violation or a prosecution for an offence, a notice of violation purporting to be issued under subsection 73.13(2), a notice of decision purporting to be issued under subsection 73.15(4) or 73.19(4), a notice of default purporting to be issued under subsection 73.18(1) or a certificate purporting to be made under subsection 73.26(1) is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it.

  • 2006, c. 12, s. 40

Marginal note:Time limit

  •  (1) No proceedings in respect of a violation may be commenced later than two years after the subject-matter of the proceedings became known to the Centre.

  • Marginal note:Certificate of Centre

    (2) A document appearing to have been issued by the Centre, certifying the day on which the subject-matter of any proceedings became known to the Centre, is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and is, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, proof of the matter asserted in it.

  • 2006, c. 12, s. 40

PART 5Offences and Punishment

Marginal note:General offences

  •  (1) Every person or entity that knowingly contravenes any of sections 6, 6.1 and 9.1 to 9.31, subsection 9.4(2), sections 9.5 to 9.7, 11.1, 11.43, 11.44 and 11.6, subsections 12(1) and (4) and 36(1), section 37, subsections 55(1) and (2), section 57 and subsections 62(2), 63.1(2) and 64(3) or the regulations is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $250,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Offence — contravention of a directive

    (2) Every person or entity that knowingly contravenes section 11.43, except insofar as it relates to any required reporting measure as contemplated by paragraph 11.42(2)(e) and specified in a directive issued under subsection 11.42(1), is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $250,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 74
  • 2006, c. 12, s. 41
  • 2010, c. 12, s. 1878
  • 2014, c. 20, ss. 295, 296
  • 2021, c. 23, s. 171

Marginal note:Reporting and regulations — sections 7 and 7.1 and subsection 11.49(1)

  •  (1) Every person or entity that contravenes section 7 or 7.1 or any regulation made under subsection 11.49(1) is guilty of an offence and liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $1,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $2,000,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both.

  • Marginal note:Defence for employees

    (2) No employee of a person or an entity shall be convicted of an offence under subsection (1) in respect of a transaction or proposed transaction that they reported to their superior or in respect of property whose existence they reported to their superior.

Marginal note:Disclosure

 Every person or entity that contravenes section 8

  • (a) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction; or

  • (b) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years.

Marginal note:Reporting — section 9

  •  (1) Every person or entity that contravenes subsection 9(1) or (3) is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $1,000,000.

  • Marginal note:Reporting — section 11.43

    (2) Every person or entity that contravenes section 11.43, only insofar as it relates to any required reporting measure as contemplated by paragraph 11.42(2)(e) and specified in a directive issued under subsection 11.42(1), is guilty of an offence and liable on summary conviction to a fine of not more than $1,000,000.

Marginal note:Registry

 Every person or entity that provides information to the Centre under section 11.12, 11.13, 11.14 or 11.3 and that knowingly makes any false or misleading statement or knowingly provides false or misleading information to a person responsible for carrying out functions under this Act is guilty of an offence and liable

  • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine of not more than $250,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both; or

  • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine of not more than $500,000 or to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both.

Marginal note:Threats and retaliation against employees

  •  (1) Every person or entity that is an employer, that acts on behalf of an employer or that is in a position of authority in respect of an employee commits an offence if the person or entity takes a disciplinary measure against, demotes, terminates or otherwise adversely affects the employment of an employee, or threatens to do so,

    • (a) with the intent to compel the employee to abstain from fulfilling an obligation under this Act; or

    • (b) with the intent to retaliate against the employee because the employee has fulfilled or taken steps to fulfill any such obligation.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (2) Every person or entity that commits an offence under subsection (1)

    • (a) is guilty of an offence punishable on summary conviction; or

    • (b) is guilty of an indictable offence and liable to imprisonment for a term of not more than five years.

Marginal note:Offence — structured financial transactions

  •  (1) Every person or entity commits an offence that directly or indirectly undertakes, or attempts to undertake, a structured financial transaction.

  • Marginal note:Structured financial transactions

    (2) For the purpose of subsection (1), a structured financial transaction is a series of financial transactions that

    • (a) cause a person or entity referred to in section 5 to be in receipt of cash or virtual currency or involve the initiation of an international electronic funds transfer;

    • (b) would, if they occurred as a single financial transaction, require a person or entity referred to in section 5 to report it to the Centre; and

    • (c) are undertaken with the intent that a person or entity referred to in section 5 will not report a financial transaction to the Centre.

  • Marginal note:Punishment

    (3) Every person or entity that is guilty of an offence under subsection (1) is liable

    • (a) on summary conviction, to a fine or imprisonment for a term of not more than two years less a day, or to both; or

    • (b) on conviction on indictment, to a fine or imprisonment for a term of not more than five years, or to both.

Marginal note:Liability of officers and directors

 If a person or an entity commits an offence under this Act, any officer, director or agent of the person or entity who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in its commission is a party to and guilty of the offence and liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence, whether or not the person or entity has been prosecuted or convicted.

Marginal note:Offence by employee, agent or mandatary

 In a prosecution for an offence under section 75 or 77,

  • (a) it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by an employee or agent or mandatary of the accused, whether or not the employee or agent or mandatary is identified or has been prosecuted for the offence; and

  • (b) no person or entity shall be found guilty of the offence if they establish that they exercised due diligence to prevent its commission.

Marginal note:Exemption

 A peace officer or a person acting under the direction of a peace officer is not guilty of an offence under any of sections 74 to 77 if the peace officer or person does any of the things mentioned in those sections for the purpose of investigating a money laundering offence or a terrorist activity financing offence.

  • 2000, c. 17, s. 80
  • 2001, c. 41, s. 75

Marginal note:Time limitation — five years

  •  (1) Proceedings under paragraph 74(1)(a), 74(2)(a), 75(1)(a) or 76(a), subsection 77(1) or (2) or paragraph 77.1(a) or 77.2(2)(a) may be instituted within, but not after, five years after the time when the subject-matter of the proceedings arose.

  • Marginal note:Time limitation — eight years

    (2) Proceedings under paragraph 77.3(3)(a) may be instituted within, but not after, eight years after the time when the subject-matter of the proceedings arose.

Marginal note:Venue

 A complaint or information in respect of an offence under this Act may be heard, tried or determined by a court if the accused is resident or carrying on business within the territorial jurisdiction of the court although the subject-matter of the complaint or information did not arise in that territorial jurisdiction.

PART 6Transitional Provision, Consequential and Conditional Amendments, Repeal and Coming into Force

Transitional Provision

Marginal note:Regulations remain in effect

Footnote * Every regulation made under the Proceeds of Crime (money laundering) Act, chapter 26 of the Statutes of Canada, 1991, that is in force immediately before the coming into force of this Act shall be deemed to have been made under this Act and shall remain in force until it is repealed or amended pursuant to this Act.

Consequential Amendments

 [Amendments]

Conditional Amendments

 [Amendments]

Repeal

 [Repeal]

Coming into Force

Marginal note:Coming into force

Footnote * The provisions of this Act, other than section 97, come into force on a day or days to be fixed by order of the Governor in Council.

  • Return to footnote *[Note: Section 97 in force on assent June 29, 2000; sections 1 to 4, 38 and 40 to 44, subsection 45(1), sections 46 to 53, paragraphs 54 (b) to (d), subsections 55(1), (2) and (6) and sections 56 to 61, 66 to 82, 84, 85, 90 and 91 in force July 5, 2000, see SI/2000-55; sections 5, 7, 8, 10 and 11, the portion of section 54 before paragraph (b), subsections 55(3) to (5.1) and (7) and section 89 in force October 28, 2001, see SI/2001-88; sections 6 and 9, subsection 45(2) and sections 62 to 65, 83 and 98 in force June 12, 2002, see SI/2002-84; sections 12 to 37 and 39 in force January 6, 2003, see SI/2002-153; sections 86 to 88 and 92 to 96 in force March 31, 2004, see SI/2004-39.]

 

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