Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-06-20. Previous Versions

Defective Protection Equipment

 Where an employee finds any defect in protection equipment that may render it unsafe for use, he shall report the defect to his employer as soon as possible.

 An employer shall mark or tag as unsafe and remove from service any protection equipment used by his employees that has a defect that may render it unsafe for use.

PART XIIITools and Machinery

Interpretation

 In this Part, explosive actuated fastening tool means a tool that, by means of an explosive force, propels or discharges a fastener for the purpose of impinging it on, affixing it to or causing it to penetrate another object or material. (pistolet de scellement à cartouches explosives)

Design, Construction, Operation and Use of Tools

 The exterior surface of any tool used by an employee in a fire hazard area shall be made of non-sparking material.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 54.

 All portable electric tools used by employees shall meet the standards set out in CSA Standard CAN C22.2 No. 71.1-M89, Portable Electric Tools, the English version of which is dated September 1989 and the French version of which is dated February 1991.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 48.
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), all portable electric tools used by employees shall be grounded.

  • (2) Subsection (1) does not apply to tools that

    • (a) are powered by a self-contained battery;

    • (b) have a protective system of double insulation; or

    • (c) are used in a location where reliable grounding cannot be obtained if the tools are supplied from a double insulated portable ground fault circuit interrupter of the class A type that meets the standards set out in CSA Standard C22.2 No. 144-1977, Ground Fault Circuit Interrupters, dated March, 1977.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 49(F).

 All portable electric tools used by employees in a fire hazard area shall be marked as appropriate for use or designed for use in the area of that hazard.

 Where an air hose is connected to a portable air-powered tool used by an employee, a restraining device shall be attached

  • (a) where an employee may be injured by the tool falling, to the tool; and

  • (b) to all hose connections, in order to prevent injury to an employee in the event of an accidental disconnection of a hose.

  •  (1) All explosive actuated fastening tools used by employees shall meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z166-1975, Explosive Actuated Fastening Tools, dated June, 1975.

  • (2) No employee shall operate an explosive actuated fastening tool unless authorized to do so by his employer.

  • (3) Every employee who operates an explosive actuated fastening tool shall operate it in accordance with the CSA Standard referred to in subsection (1).

 All chain saws used by employees shall meet the standards set out in CSA Standard CAN3-Z62.1-M85, Chain Saws, dated February, 1985.

Defective Tools and Machines

 Where an employee finds any defect in a tool or machine that may render it unsafe for use, he shall report the defect to his employer as soon as possible.

 An employer shall mark or tag as unsafe and remove from service any tool or machine used by his employees that has a defect that may render it unsafe for use.

Instructions and Training

 Every employee shall be instructed and trained by a qualified person appointed by his employer in the safe and proper inspection, maintenance and use of all tools and machinery that he is required to use.

  •  (1) Every employer shall maintain a manual of operating instructions for each type of portable electric tool, portable air-powered tool, explosive actuated fastening tool and machine used by his employees.

  • (2) A manual referred to in subsection (1) shall be kept by the employer readily available for examination by an employee who is required to use the tool or machine to which the manual applies.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 55(F).

General Requirements for Machine Guards

  •  (1) Every machine that has exposed moving, rotating, electrically charged or hot parts or that processes, transports or handles material that constitutes a hazard to an employee shall be equipped with a machine guard that

    • (a) prevents the employee or any part of his body from coming into contact with the parts or material;

    • (b) prevents access by the employee to the area of exposure to the hazard during the operation of the machine; or

    • (c) makes the machine inoperative if the employee or any part of his clothing is in or near a part of the machine that is likely to cause injury.

  • (2) To the extent that is reasonably practicable, a machine guard referred to in subsection (1) shall not be removable.

  • (3) A machine guard shall be so constructed, installed and maintained that it meets the requirements of subsection (1).

  • SOR/94-263, s. 50(F).

Use, Operation, Repair and Maintenance of Machine Guards

 Machine guards shall be operated, maintained and repaired by a qualified person.

 Subject to section 13.16, where a machine guard is installed on a machine, no person shall use or operate the machine unless the machine guard is in its proper position.

  • SOR/94-263, s. 51.
  •  (1) Subject to subsection (2), where it is necessary to remove a machine guard from a machine in order to perform repair or maintenance work on the machine, no person shall perform the repair or maintenance work unless the machine has been locked out in accordance with a written lock out procedure provided by the employer.

  • (2) Where it is not reasonably practicable to lock out a machine referred to in subsection (1) in order to perform repair or maintenance work on the machine, the work may be performed if

    • (a) the person performing the work follows written instructions provided by the employer that will ensure that any hazard to that person is not significantly greater than it would be if the machine had been locked out; and

    • (b) the person performing the work

      • (i) obtains a written authorization from the employer each time the work is performed, and

      • (ii) performs the work under the direct supervision of a qualified person.

 A copy of the instructions referred to in section 13.16 shall be kept readily available by the employer for the information of persons who perform repair and maintenance work on his machines.

Abrasive Wheels

 Abrasive wheels shall be

  • (a) used only on machines equipped with machine guards,

  • (b) mounted between flanges, and

  • (c) operated

in accordance with sections 4 to 6 of CSA Standard B173.5-1979, Safety Requirements for the Use, Care and Protection of Abrasive Wheels, dated February, 1979.

  • SOR/88-632, s. 56(F).

 A bench grinder shall be equipped with a work rest or other device that

  • (a) prevents the work piece from jamming between the abrasive wheel and the wheel guard; and

  • (b) does not make contact with the abrasive wheel at any time.

Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus

 Equipment used in the mechanical transmission of power shall be guarded in accordance with sections 7 to 10 of ANSI Standard ANSI B15.1-1972, Safety Standard for Mechanical Power Transmission Apparatus, dated July, 1972.

Woodworking Machinery

 Woodworking machinery shall be guarded in accordance with clause 3.3 of CSA Standard Z114-M1977, Safety Code for the Woodworking Industry, dated March, 1977.

Punch Presses

 Punch presses shall meet the standards set out in CSA Standard Z142-1976, Code for the Guarding of Punch Presses at Point of Operation, dated February, 1976.

PART XIVMaterials Handling

Interpretation

 In this Part,

materials handling equipment

materials handling equipment means equipment, including its supporting structures, auxiliary equipment and rigging devices, used to transport, lift, move or position persons, materials, goods or things and includes mobile equipment used to lift, hoist or position persons, but does not include an elevating device that is permanently installed in a building; (appareil de manutention)

motorized hand-rider truck

motorized hand-rider truck means motorized materials handling equipment that is designed to be controlled by a walking or onboard operator; (chariot à conducteur porté ou accompagnant)

operator

operator means a person who controls the operation of motorized or manual materials handling equipment and who has received or is receiving instruction and training in respect of the procedures referred to in subsection 14.23(1) or (3), as the case may be; (opérateur)

safe working load

safe working load means the maximum load that the motorized or manual materials handling equipment is designed and constructed to handle or support safely under particular operating conditions; (charge de travail admissible)

signaller

signaller means a person instructed by an employer to direct, by means of visual or auditory signals, the safe movement and operation of motorized materials handling equipment. (signaleur)

  • SOR/96-400, s. 1.
 
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