Canada Occupational Health and Safety Regulations (SOR/86-304)

Regulations are current to 2017-11-20 and last amended on 2017-06-20. Previous Versions

Entry Procedures

 Every employer shall, after considering the report made pursuant to subsection 11.2(2),

  • (a) in consultation with the work place committee or the health and safety representative, establish procedures, with the date on which they are established specified therein, that are to be followed by a person entering, exiting or occupying a confined space assessed pursuant to subsection 11.2(1), or a confined space that belongs to a class of confined spaces assessed pursuant to that subsection, and establish, where reasonably practicable, an entry permit system that provides for

    • (i) specifying, in each case, the length of time for which an entry permit is valid, and

    • (ii) recording

      • (A) the name of the person entering the confined space, and

      • (B) the date and time of entry and the anticipated time of exit;

  • (b) specify the protection equipment referred to in Part XII that is to be used by every person who is granted access to the confined space by the employer;

  • (c) specify any insulated protection equipment and tools referred to in Part VIII that a person may need in the confined space; and

  • (d) specify the protection equipment and emergency equipment to be used by a person who takes part in the rescue of a person from the confined space or in responding to other emergency situations in the confined space.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-286, s. 3;
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 24.

Confined Space Entry

  •  (1) The employer shall, where a person is about to enter a confined space, appoint a qualified person

    • (a) to verify, by means of tests, that compliance with the following specifications can be achieved during the period of time that the person will be in the confined space, namely,

      • (i) the concentration of any chemical agent or combination of chemical agents in the confined space to which the person is likely to be exposed will not result in the exposure of the person

        • (A) to a concentration of that chemical agent or combination of chemical agents in excess of the value referred to in paragraph 10.19(1)(a), or

        • (B) to a concentration of that chemical agent or combination of chemical agents in excess of the percentage set out in subsection 10.20(1), or in subsection 10.20(2) under the circumstances described in that subsection,

      • (ii) the concentration of airborne hazardous substances, other than chemical agents, in the confined space is not hazardous to the health or safety of the person, and

      • (iii) the percentage of oxygen in the air in the confined space is not less than 18 per cent by volume and not more than 23 per cent by volume, at normal atmospheric pressure;

    • (b) to verify that

      • (i) any liquid in which the person could drown has been removed from the confined space,

      • (ii) any free-flowing solid in which the person may become entrapped has been removed from the confined space,

      • (iii) the entry of any liquid, free-flowing solid or hazardous substance into the confined space has been prevented by a secure means of disconnection or by the fitting of blank flanges,

      • (iv) all electrical and mechanical equipment that may present a hazard to the person has been disconnected from its power source, real or residual, and has been locked out, and

      • (v) the opening for entry into and exit from the confined space is sufficient to allow the safe passage of a person using protection equipment; and

    • (c) subject to subsection 11.5(1), to verify that the specifications set out in paragraph (a) are complied with during all times that a person is in the confined space.

  • (2) The qualified person referred to in subsection (1) shall, in a signed and dated report to the employer, set out the results of the verification carried out in accordance with that subsection, including the test methods, the test results and a list of the test equipment used.

  • (3) The employer shall

    • (a) where the report made pursuant to subsection (2) indicates that a person who has entered the confined space has been in danger, send the report to the work place committee or the health and safety representative; and

    • (b) in all other cases, make a written copy or a machine-readable version of the report available to the work place committee or the health and safety representative.

  • SOR/88-68, s. 14;
  • SOR/92-544, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-286, s. 4;
  • SOR/96-294, s. 3;
  • SOR/2002-208, ss. 25, 43(F).

Emergency Procedures and Equipment

[SOR/95-286, s. 5(F)]
  •  (1) Where conditions in a confined space or the nature of the work to be performed in a confined space is such that the specifications set out in paragraph 11.4(1)(a) cannot be complied with during all times that a person is in the confined space, the employer shall

    • (a) in consultation with the work place committee or the health and safety representative, establish emergency procedures to be followed in the event of an accident or other emergency in or near the confined space, which procedures shall specify the date on which they are established and provide for the immediate evacuation of the confined space when

      • (i) an alarm is activated, or

      • (ii) there is any significant change in a concentration or percentage referred to in paragraph 11.4(1)(a) that would adversely affect the health or safety of a person in the confined space;

    • (b) provide the protection equipment referred to in paragraphs 11.3(b), (c) and (d) for each person who is about to enter the confined space;

    • (c) ensure that a qualified person trained in the entry and emergency procedures established pursuant to paragraph 11.3(a) and paragraph (a) is

      • (i) in attendance outside the confined space, and

      • (ii) in communication with the person inside the confined space;

    • (d) provide the qualified person referred to in paragraph (c) with a suitable alarm device for summoning assistance; and

    • (e) ensure that two or more persons are in the immediate vicinity of the confined space to assist in the event of an accident or other emergency.

  • (2) One of the persons referred to in paragraph (1)(e) shall

    • (a) be trained in the emergency procedures established pursuant to paragraph (1)(a);

    • (b) be the holder of a basic first aid certificate; and

    • (c) be provided with the protection equipment and emergency equipment referred to in paragraph 11.3(d).

  • (3) The employer shall ensure that every person entering, exiting or occupying a confined space referred to in subsection (1) wears an appropriate safety harness that is securely attached to a lifeline that

    • (a) is attached to a secure anchor outside the confined space;

    • (b) is controlled by the qualified person referred to in paragraph (1)(c);

    • (c) protects the person from the hazard for which it is provided and does not in itself create a hazard; and

    • (d) is, where reasonably practicable, equipped with a mechanical lifting device.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-286, s. 6;
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 26.

Record of Emergency Procedures and Equipment

  •  (1) When a person is about to enter a confined space under circumstances such that the specifications set out in paragraph 11.4(1)(a) cannot be complied with, the qualified person referred to in paragraph 11.5(1)(c) shall, in a signed and dated report to the employer,

    • (a) specify those procedures established pursuant to paragraph 11.5(1)(a) that are to be followed and the protection equipment, insulated protection equipment and tools and the emergency equipment that are to be used; and

    • (b) specify any additional procedures and any other equipment that may be needed to ensure the health and safety of the person.

  • (2) The report made pursuant to subsection (1) and any procedures specified therein shall be explained by the qualified person to every employee who is about to enter a confined space, and a copy of the report shall be signed and dated by any employee to whom the report and the procedures have been so explained, acknowledging by signature the reading of the report and the explanation thereof.

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-286, s. 7;
  • SOR/2002-208, s. 39.

Provision and Use of Equipment

  •  (1) The employer shall provide

    • (a) each person who is granted access to a confined space with the protection equipment specified pursuant to paragraph 11.3(b); and

    • (b) each person who is to undertake rescue operations with the protection equipment and emergency equipment specified pursuant to paragraph 11.3(d).

  • (2) The employer shall ensure that every person who enters, exits or occupies a confined space follows the procedures established pursuant to paragraph 11.3(a) and uses the protection equipment specified pursuant to paragraphs 11.3(b) and (c).

  • SOR/92-544, s. 1;
  • SOR/95-286, s. 8.
 
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