249. If reasonably practicable, automated warning and detection systems must be provided by the employer if the seriousness of any possible exposure to a hazardous substance warrants the use of those systems.
Storage, Handling and Use
250. (1) Every hazardous substance stored, handled or used in a work place must be stored, handled or used in a manner that the hazard related to that substance is reduced to a minimum.
(2) Subject to subsection (5), if a hazardous substance is stored, handled or used in a work place, any hazard resulting from that storage, handling or use must be confined to as small an area as practicable.
(3) Every container for a hazardous substance that is used in a work place must be designed and constructed so that it protects the employees from any health or safety hazard that is created by the hazardous substance.
(4) The quantity of a hazardous substance used or processed in a work place must, to the extent that is practicable, be kept to the minimum quantity required.
(5) If, in a work place, a hazardous substance is capable of combining with another substance to form an ignitable combination and a hazard of ignition of the combination by static electricity exists, the employer must adopt and implement the standards set out in the 2007 edition of the United States National Fire Protection Association publication entitled NFPA 77: Recommended Practice on Static Electricity.
Warning of Hazardous Substances
251. If a hazardous substance is stored, handled or used in a work place, signs must be posted in conspicuous places warning every person granted access to the work place of the presence of the hazardous substance and of any precautions to be taken to prevent or reduce any hazard of injury to health.
Assembly of Pipes
252. Every assembly of pipes, including pipe fittings, valves, pumps, compressors and other fixed equipment that is used for transferring a hazardous substance from one location to another must be
(a) labelled to identify the hazardous substance transferred by it; and
(b) fitted with control and safety devices to ensure its safe operation, maintenance and repair.
253. (1) Every employer must, in consultation with the work place committee or the health and safety representative, as the case may be, develop and implement an employee education program with respect to hazard prevention and control at the work place.
(2) The employee education program must include
(a) issuing instructions to each employee who handles or is exposed to or is likely to handle or be exposed to a hazardous substance with respect to
(i) the product identifier of the hazardous substance,
(ii) all hazard information disclosed by the supplier of the hazardous substance or by the employer on a material safety data sheet or label,
(iii) all hazard information of which the employer is aware or ought reasonably to be aware,
(iv) the observations referred to in paragraph 245(3)(a),
(v) the information disclosed on the material safety data sheet referred to in subsections 258(2) and 262(1) and the purpose and significance of that information, and
(vi) in respect of controlled products on a vessel, the information required to be disclosed on a material safety data sheet and on a label in accordance with sections 262, 263 or 265 and the purposes and significance of that information;
(b) providing the training and instruction to each employee who is charged with operating, maintaining or repairing an assembly of pipes referred to in section 252 with respect to
(i) every valve and other control and safety device connected to the assembly of pipes, and
(ii) the procedures to follow for the proper and safe use of the assembly of pipes;
(c) providing the training and instruction to each employee referred to in paragraphs (a) and (b) with respect to
(i) the procedures to follow to implement the requirements of subsections 250(1), (2) and (5), and
(ii) the procedures to follow for the safe storage, handling, use and disposal of hazardous substances, including procedures to be followed in an emergency involving a hazardous substance; and
(d) if the employer makes an electronic version of a material safety data sheet available in accordance with subsections 258(2) and 262(1), the training of each employee in accessing that material safety data sheet.
(3) Every employer must, in consultation with the work place committee or the health and safety representative, as the case may be, review the employee education program at least once a year and revise it
(a) whenever there is a change in conditions in respect of the hazardous substances in the work place; and
(b) whenever new hazard information in respect of a hazardous substance in the work place becomes available to the employer.
(4) The employer must keep a written or electronic record of the employee education program and any training received by each employee.
(5) The employer must make the record readily available for examination by the employee and keep it for a period of 10 years after the day on which the employee ceases to
(a) handle or be exposed to the hazardous substance or be likely to handle or be exposed to the hazardous substance; or
(b) operate, maintain or repair the assembly of pipes.
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