World Trade Organization Agreement Implementation Act
S.C. 1994, c. 47
Assented to 1994-12-15
An Act to implement the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization
WHEREAS the Government of Canada together with the other governments and the European Communities that participated in the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations under the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (herein referred to as GATT) have entered into the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization;
WHEREAS free, fair and open trade is essential for the future of the Canadian economy and for securing the competitiveness and long-term sustainable development of Canada;
WHEREAS trade expansion contributes to job creation, achieves higher standards of living, offers greater choices for consumers and strengthens the Canadian economic union;
WHEREAS the multilateral trading system of mutually agreed upon market access conditions and non-discriminatory trade rules applicable to all, is the cornerstone of Canadian trade policy;
WHEREAS the trade agreements achieved under the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations under the GATT will lead to a significantly more open and stable international trading environment for Canadian agriculture, resources, manufacturing, services, technology and investment;
WHEREAS the World Trade Organization will provide for integrated management of the new and strengthened multilateral trading system, particularly for the resolution of trade disputes;
WHEREAS the World Trade Organization, as successor to the GATT, will also provide the forum for future trade negotiations aimed at furthering trade liberalization world-wide and the development of new global trade rules;
AND WHEREAS it is necessary, in order to give effect to the Agreement, to make related or consequential amendments to certain Acts;
NOW, THEREFORE, Her Majesty, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate and House of Commons of Canada, enacts as follows:
Marginal note:Short title
1. This Act may be cited as the World Trade Organization Agreement Implementation Act.
2. (1) In this Act,
« Accord »
“Agreement” means the Agreement Establishing the World Trade Organization, including
(a) the agreements set out in Annexes 1A, 1B, 1C, 2 and 3 to that Agreement, and
(b) the agreements set out in Annex 4 to that Agreement that have been accepted by Canada,
all forming an integral part of the Final Act Embodying The Results Of The Uruguay Round Of Multilateral Trade Negotiations, signed at Marrakesh on April 15, 1994;
« texte législatif fédéral »
“federal law” means the whole or any portion of any Act of Parliament or any regulation, order or other instrument issued, made or established in the exercise of a power conferred by or under an Act of Parliament;
« ministre »
“Minister”, in respect of any provision of this Act, means the member of the Queen’s Privy Council for Canada designated as the Minister for the purposes of that provision under section 9;
“World Trade Organization”
« Organisation mondiale du commerce »
“World Trade Organization” means the World Trade Organization established by Article I of the Agreement;
« membre de l’OMC »
“WTO Member” means a Member of the World Trade Organization.
Marginal note:Publication of Agreement
(2) The Agreement shall be published in the Canada Treaty Series.
3. The purpose of this Act is to implement the Agreement.
Marginal note:Binding on Her Majesty
4. This Act is binding on Her Majesty in right of Canada.
Marginal note:Prohibition of private cause of action under Part I
5. No person has any cause of action and no proceedings of any kind shall be taken, without the consent of the Attorney General of Canada, to enforce or determine any right or obligation that is claimed or arises solely under or by virtue of Part I or any order made under Part I.
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