Marginal note:Limitation period for summary conviction offences
35. Proceedings by way of summary conviction may be instituted at any time within, but not later than, five years after the day on which the subject matter of the proceedings arose.
- 1992, c. 34, s. 35;
- 2009, c. 9, s. 32.
Marginal note:Continuing offence
36. Where an offence is committed or continued on more than one day, the person who committed the offence is liable to be convicted for a separate offence for each day on which the offence is committed or continued.
37. A complaint or an information in respect of an offence may be heard, tried or determined by any competent court of criminal jurisdiction in a province if the accused is resident or carrying on business within the territorial jurisdiction of that court although the matter of the complaint or information did not arise in that territorial jurisdiction.
Marginal note:Offences by employee, agent or mandatary
38. In any prosecution for an offence, it is sufficient proof of the offence to establish that it was committed by an employee, agent or mandatary of the accused, whether or not the employee, agent or mandatary is identified or has been prosecuted for the offence.
- 1992, c. 34, s. 38;
- 2009, c. 9, s. 33(E).
Marginal note:Representative of organization
39. If an organization commits an offence, a representative who plays an important role in the establishment of the organization’s policies or is responsible for managing an important aspect of the organization’s activities — and, in the case of a corporation, an officer, director, agent or mandatary — who directed, authorized, assented to, acquiesced in or participated in the commission of the offence is a party to and guilty of the offence and is liable on conviction to the punishment provided for the offence, whether or not the organization has been prosecuted for the offence.
- 1992, c. 34, s. 39;
- 2009, c. 9, s. 34.
40. No person shall be found guilty of an offence if it is established that the person took all reasonable measures to comply with this Act or to prevent the commission of the offence.
Marginal note:Certificate or report of inspector
41. (1) In any prosecution for an offence, a certificate, report or other document, appearing to have been signed by the Minister or by an inspector, is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, is proof of the matters asserted in it.
(2) In any prosecution for an offence, a copy made by an inspector under section 15 and appearing to have been certified under the inspector’s signature as a true copy is admissible in evidence without proof of the signature or official character of the person appearing to have signed it and, in the absence of evidence to the contrary, has the same probative force as the original would have if it were proved in the ordinary way.
(3) No certificate, report or copy shall be received in evidence unless the party intending to produce it has, before the trial, served on the party against whom it is intended to be produced reasonable notice of that intention together with a duplicate of the certificate, report or copy.
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