Federal Courts Act (R.S.C., 1985, c. F-7)

Act current to 2015-11-16 and last amended on 2015-06-23. Previous Versions

Federal Courts Act

R.S.C., 1985, c. F-7

An Act respecting the Federal Court of Appeal and the Federal Court


Marginal note:Short title

 This Act may be cited as the Federal Courts Act.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 1;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 14.


Marginal note:Definitions
  •  (1) In this Act,

    “action for collision”

    « action pour collision »

    “action for collision” includes an action for damage caused by one or more ships to another ship or ships or to property or persons on board another ship or ships as a result of carrying out or omitting to carry out a manoeuvre, or as a result of non-compliance with law, even though there has been no actual collision;

    “Associate Chief Justice”

    “Associate Chief Justice”[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 15]

    “Canadian maritime law”

    « droit maritime canadien »

    “Canadian maritime law” means the law that was administered by the Exchequer Court of Canada on its Admiralty side by virtue of the Admiralty Act, chapter A-1 of the Revised Statutes of Canada, 1970, or any other statute, or that would have been so administered if that Court had had, on its Admiralty side, unlimited jurisdiction in relation to maritime and admiralty matters, as that law has been altered by this Act or any other Act of Parliament;

    “Chief Justice”

    “Chief Justice”[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 15]


    “Court”[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 15]

    “Court of Appeal”

    “Court of Appeal”[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 15]


    « Couronne »

    “Crown” means Her Majesty in right of Canada;

    “federal board, commission or other tribunal”

    « office fédéral »

    “federal board, commission or other tribunal” means any body, person or persons having, exercising or purporting to exercise jurisdiction or powers conferred by or under an Act of Parliament or by or under an order made pursuant to a prerogative of the Crown, other than the Tax Court of Canada or any of its judges, any such body constituted or established by or under a law of a province or any such person or persons appointed under or in accordance with a law of a province or under section 96 of the Constitution Act, 1867 ;

    “Federal Court of Appeal”

    “Federal Court of Appeal”[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 15]

    “final judgment”

    « jugement définitif »

    “final judgment” means any judgment or other decision that determines in whole or in part any substantive right of any of the parties in controversy in any judicial proceeding;


    “judge”[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 15]

    “practice and procedure”

    « pratique et procédure »

    “practice and procedure” includes evidence relating to matters of practice and procedure;


    « biens »

    “property” means property of any kind, whether real or personal or corporeal or incorporeal, and, without restricting the generality of the foregoing, includes a right of any kind, a share or a chose in action;


    « greffe »

    “Registry” means a registry established by the Chief Administrator of the Courts Administration Service pursuant to the Courts Administration Service Act for the purposes of this Act;


    « réparation »

    “relief” includes every species of relief, whether by way of damages, payment of money, injunction, declaration, restitution of an incorporeal right, return of land or chattels or otherwise;


    « règles »

    “Rules” means provisions of law and rules and orders made under section 46;


    « navire »

    “ship” means any vessel or craft designed, used or capable of being used solely or partly for navigation, without regard to method or lack of propulsion, and includes

    • (a) a ship in the process of construction from the time that it is capable of floating, and

    • (b) a ship that has been stranded, wrecked or sunk and any part of a ship that has broken up.

    “Supreme Court”

    “Supreme Court”[Repealed, 1990, c. 8, s. 1]

    “Trial Division”

    “Trial Division”[Repealed, 2002, c. 8, s. 15]

  • Marginal note:Senate and House of Commons

    (2) For greater certainty, the expression “federal board, commission or other tribunal”, as defined in subsection (1), does not include the Senate, the House of Commons, any committee or member of either House, the Senate Ethics Officer, the Conflict of Interest and Ethics Commissioner with respect to the exercise of the jurisdiction or powers referred to in sections 41.1 to 41.5 and 86 of the Parliament of Canada Act or the Parliamentary Protective Service.

  • R.S., 1985, c. F-7, s. 2;
  • 1990, c. 8, s. 1;
  • 2001, c. 6, s. 115;
  • 2002, c. 8, s. 15;
  • 2004, c. 7, ss. 7, 38;
  • 2006, c. 9, ss. 5, 38;
  • 2015, c. 36, s. 124.