Marginal note:Warrant to enter dwelling-house
42. (1) An inspector may not enter a dwelling-house without the occupant’s consent, except under the authority of a warrant issued under subsection (2).
Marginal note:Authority to issue warrant
(2) On ex parte application, a justice of the peace may issue a warrant authorizing the inspector named in it to enter a dwelling-house, subject to any conditions that may be specified in the warrant, if the justice of the peace is satisfied by information on oath that
(a) the dwelling-house is a place referred to in subsection 41(1);
(b) entry to the dwelling-house is necessary for a purpose referred to in subsection 41(1); and
(c) entry to the dwelling-house has been refused or there are reasonable grounds for believing that entry will be refused.
Marginal note:Use of force
(3) In executing the warrant, the inspector named in it may not use force unless they are accompanied by a peace officer and the use of force is specifically authorized in the warrant.
(4) If an inspector believes that it would not be practicable to appear personally to make an application for the warrant, a warrant may be issued by telephone or other means of telecommunication on application submitted by any one of those means. Section 487.1 of the Criminal Code applies for that purpose, with any necessary modifications.
Marginal note:Serious and imminent danger
43. (1) If, in the course of an inspection, an inspector has reasonable grounds to believe that a controlled activity is conducted in a manner that poses a serious and imminent danger to the health or safety of the public, the inspector may order the licence holder, or any other person in the place or conveyance, to carry out any measure that the inspector considers necessary to reduce or eliminate that danger.
(2) A licence holder or any other person who is ordered by an inspector to carry out such a measure shall comply with the order and, in doing so, does not contravene subsection 7(1) or section 8.
Marginal note:Withdrawal of order
(3) An inspector who orders a measure to be carried out shall, if appropriate, withdraw the order if they are satisfied that the controlled activity is no longer conducted in a manner that poses a serious and imminent danger to the health or safety of the public.
Marginal note:Review by Minister
(4) An inspector shall, without delay, refer any decision to make or withdraw an order to the Minister for review. After the review, the Minister may amend, replace or rescind the order if the Minister is of the opinion that it is necessary to do so.
Marginal note:Application of order not suspended
(5) The referral of a decision to the Minister for review does not suspend the application of the decision.
Marginal note:Refusal to comply
(6) If a licence holder or any other person who is ordered to carry out a measure fails to comply with the order, the inspector may carry out the measure or require another person to do so.
Marginal note:Informing of action
(7) After the measure is carried out, the inspector shall, as soon as feasible, advise the person who failed to comply with the order that the measure was carried out.
Marginal note:Compliance not required
(8) No person is required to carry out a measure ordered by an inspector if doing so would expose them to a danger, as defined in subsection 122(1) of the Canada Labour Code.
(9) A licence holder, or if no licence has been issued in respect of the controlled activity, the person who is responsible for the conduct of the controlled activity, shall bear the cost of carrying out any measure ordered by an inspector.
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